Is extraction bad? Encomienda and Development in Colombia since 1560

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dc.description.abstract We explore the impact of encomienda, a forced-labor institution imposed by the Spanish throughout Latin America during three centuries, on long-term development outcomes in Colombia. Despite being a classically extractive institution, municipalities that had encomiendas in 1560 have higher development indicators than otherwise-similar, neighboring municipalities without. Encomienda is associated with higher municipal GDP/capita, lower poverty ad infant mortality, and higher secondary school enrolments today. Further probing implies a mechanism by which encomiendas founded the local state of colonial territories they dominated. This stronger local state persisted through Colombia's war of independence and the chronic instability of the early republic. It mobilized resources and invested in public goods in ways that initially suited encomenderos, but over long periods of time also spurred economic and human development. Our results highlight the benefits of disaggregating "institutions", and of pushing analysis to the subnational level. en
dc.title Is extraction bad? Encomienda and Development in Colombia since 1560 en
dc.contributor.author Faguet, Jean-Paul
dc.contributor.author Matajira, Camilo
dc.contributor.author Sanchez, Fabio
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-13T19:48:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-13T19:48:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02-13
dc.identifier.uri http://lacer.lacea.org/handle/123456789/64530
lacea.language.supported en
dc.description Working paper
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Encomienda
dc.subject Forced Labor
dc.subject Colombia
dc.subject State Capacity
dc.subject Extraction
dc.subject Development
dc.subject Colonialism
dc.type Working Paper

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