Effects of Early Childhood Development Interventions on Parental Behaviour: Evidence from a Home-Visiting Programme in Peru

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dc.description.abstract Home-visiting interventions aim at improving child outcomes by shifting caregivers’ parenting skills so they can offer better stimulation opportunities and enriched interactions to their children. Despite this explicit interest in parenting practices, there is little evidence from the developing world regarding the effects of the home-visiting model on the provision of stimulation by parents. There is also a lack of evidence from programmes working at scale, and little attention to the mechanisms through which these interventions affect parental behaviour. This analysis seeks to contribute to the literature on ECD interventions in two ways. First, it provides causal evidence about the effects of a scaled-up home-visiting programme on parental behaviour. And, second, it explores the constraints that limit parents’ behavioural change. I use the cluster-randomised design of the home-visiting component of programme Cuna Mas in Peru to collect data from 20 control and 20 treatment rural districts on parenting practices and caregivers’ expectations regarding the importance of parent child interactions for child development. Results reveal that: (i) treatment effects on the quality of the home environment are positive, statistically significant (p < 0.01) and have a size (d = 0.5) comparable to that found for other interventions of much more smaller scale and efficacy trials conducted in the developing world; (ii) the intervention has caused an increase in the variety of play activities offered to the child by the caregiver in addition to those occurring during home visits (d = 0.3; p < 0.01); and (iii) constraints limiting the effect of this intervention appear to be related to household wealth but not to caregivers’ educational attainment. In fact, low levels of wealth can render the intervention ineffective in changing caregivers’ behaviours and expectations. This evidence is consistent with caregivers having to input time to engage in play activities with their children, and with family resources being negatively related to the opportunity cost of childcare time and positively related to its expected return. en
dc.title Effects of Early Childhood Development Interventions on Parental Behaviour: Evidence from a Home-Visiting Programme in Peru en
dc.contributor.author Castro, Juan F.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-14T04:17:17Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-14T04:17:17Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10-14
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/52985
lacea.language.supported en
dc.description Working paper
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Early Childhood Development
dc.subject Home Visiting Interventions
dc.subject Parenting Practices
dc.subject Peru
dc.type Working Paper

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