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Another pass-through bites the dust? Oil prices and inflation

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dc.description.abstract This paper presents evidence of an important decline during recent decades in the pass-through from the price of oil to the general price level. We find that this decline is a generalized fact for a large set of countries. After documenting correlations between the consumer price index and oil prices, we use two estimation strategies in an attempt to properly identify the effect of oil shocks on inflation. First, we estimate the traditional Phillips curve augmented to include oil and test for structural breaks in 34 countries. This methodology shows a fall in the average estimated pass-through for industrial economies and, to a lesser degree, for emerging economies. Second, we estimate rolling vector autoregressions for a subsample of countries for which we have sufficient data. We derive impulse response functions of inflation to oil shocks and interpret the integrals as estimates of pass-through. We find that the effect of oil shocks on inflation has weakened for most of the 12 countries in the sample. Among the factors that might help to explain this decline, we argue that the most important are a reduction in the oil intensity of economies around the world, a reduction in the exchange rate pass-through, a more favorable inflation environment, and the fact that the current oil price shock is largely the result of strong world demand. These factors help to explain not only why the current shock has had limited inflationary effects, but also why it has had limited consequences for output. en
dc.title Another pass-through bites the dust? Oil prices and inflation en
dc.contributor.author de Gregorio, José
dc.contributor.author Landerretche, Oscar
dc.contributor.author Neilson, Christopher
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-17T21:21:38Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-17T21:21:38Z
dc.date.issued 2007-03
dc.identifier.issn 1529-7470
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/48761
lacea.language.supported en
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Brookings Institution Press
dc.subject Environmental and ecological economics
dc.subject Oil prices
dc.subject Inflation
dc.subject Macroeconomics
dc.subject Pass-through
dc.type Article


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