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The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay: An overview

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dc.description.abstract How much redistribution and poverty reduction is being accomplished in Latin America through social spending and taxes? Standard fiscal incidence analyses applied to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay yield the following results. Taxes and transfers reduce inequality and poverty by nontrivial amounts in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, less so in Mexico and relatively little in Bolivia and Peru. While direct taxes are progressive, the redistributive impact is small because direct taxes as a share of GDP are low. Cash transfers are quite progressive in absolute terms except in Bolivia where programs are not targeted to the poor. In Bolivia and Brazil, indirect taxes almost completely offset the poverty-reducing impact of cash transfers. In-kind transfers in education and health reduce inequality in all countries by considerably more than cash transfers. en
dc.title The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay: An overview en
dc.contributor.author Lustig, Nora
dc.contributor.author Pessino, Carola
dc.contributor.author Scott, John
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-04T19:01:41Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-04T19:01:41Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/48666
lacea.language.supported en
dc.description Working paper
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Fiscal incidence
dc.subject Inequality
dc.subject Poverty
dc.subject Social spending
dc.subject Latin America
dc.subject Argentina
dc.subject Peru
dc.subject Uruguay
dc.subject Brazil
dc.subject Bolivia
dc.subject Mexico
dc.type Article


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