mirage

Location of the poor: Neighborhood versus household characteristics. The case of Bogotá

LACER-LACEA/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Aguilar, Juliana spa
dc.contributor.author Yepes, Tito spa
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-15T19:39:43Z spa
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-15T19:39:46Z spa
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-26T10:45:41Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-15T19:39:43Z spa
dc.date.available 2014-09-15T19:39:46Z spa
dc.date.available 2015-01-26T10:45:41Z
dc.date.issued 2013-03 spa
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11445/344 spa
dc.description In Latin American cities there is a high correlation between the location chosen by poor households and their income level; however, it is difficult to identify to what extent they live there by choice –because it maximizes the returns to their efforts- or by restrictions that pull them to locations that make them poorer. We define the former case as unrestricted sorting in the urban economics context, while the latter is assumed to be the commonly used definition of segregation. Distinguishing between these alternatives is difficult because of the circularity between poverty and location. People can freely choose a location that makes them poor; else they can choose a location because they are poor. This circular causation or endogeneity puts policy making in a complicated spot since it questions the reach of placed-based policies to alleviate poverty and exposes the need to prioritize between these actions and those directed to improving households’ portable assets. Hence, there is a disjunctive between investing in education -that can be ported if location drives poverty- an investing in local infrastructure. This paper begins establishing a mincerian profile of households’ income level as the result of its portable assets and their returns. Then an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition of the income equation over two locations –a periphery and the rest of the city- is used. Based on differences in returns to individual characteristics between the two alternative locations impact from space is separated from the impact from portable assets. spa
dc.description.abstract In Latin American cities there is a high correlation between the location chosen by poor households and their income level; however, it is difficult to identify to what extent they live there by choice –because it maximizes the returns to their efforts- or by restrictions that pull them to locations that make them poorer. We define the former case as unrestricted sorting in the urban economics context, while the latter is assumed to be the commonly used definition of segregation. Distinguishing between these alternatives is difficult because of the circularity between poverty and location. People can freely choose a location that makes them poor; else they can choose a location because they are poor. This circular causation or endogeneity puts policy making in a complicated spot since it questions the reach of placed-based policies to alleviate poverty and exposes the need to prioritize between these actions and those directed to improving households’ portable assets. Hence, there is a disjunctive between investing in education -that can be ported if location drives poverty- an investing in local infrastructure. This paper begins establishing a mincerian profile of households’ income level as the result of its portable assets and their returns. Then an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition of the income equation over two locations –a periphery and the rest of the city- is used. Based on differences in returns to individual characteristics between the two alternative locations impact from space is separated from the impact from portable assets. spa
dc.subject Desarrollo Urbano spa
dc.subject Segregación spa
dc.subject Niveles de Ingresos spa
dc.subject Economía Geográfica spa
dc.subject.other Construcción, Vivienda y Desarrollo Urbano spa
dc.subject.other Mercado Laboral, Pobreza y Protección Social spa
dc.title Location of the poor: Neighborhood versus household characteristics. The case of Bogotá spa
dc.description.jel I30 spa
dc.description.jel I32 spa
dc.description.shortabstract En este trabajo se profundiza en los controladores de comportamiento de las decisiones de localización de los ciudadanos para dar forma a una definición de la segregación, sin entrar en el debate ético. spa
dc.description.short This paper digs into the behavioral drivers of location decisions of citizens to give shape to a definition of segregation without getting into the ethics debate. spa
dc.title.english Location of the poor: Neighborhood versus household characteristics. The case of Bogotá spa


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search LACER-LACEA


Browse

My Account