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Structural Change and Poverty Reduction in Brazil : The Impact of the Doha Round

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dc.contributor.author Bussolo, Maurizio
dc.contributor.author van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique
dc.contributor.author Lay, Jann
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-22T15:23:11Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-22T15:23:11Z
dc.date.issued 2006-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8780
dc.description.abstract Over the medium time horizon, skill upgrading, differentials in sectoral technological progress, and migration of labor out of farming activities are some of the major structural adjustment factors shaping the evolution of an economy and its connected poverty trends. The main focus of the authors is understanding, for the case of Brazil, how a trade shock interacts with these structural forces and ascertaining whether it enhances or hinders medium-term poverty reduction. In particular, they consider the interactions between the migration of labor out of agriculture, a potentially important poverty reduction factor, and trade liberalization, which increases the price incentives to stay in agriculture. A recursive-dynamic computable general equilibrium model simulates Doha scenarios and compares them against a business as usual scenario. The authors estimate the poverty effects using a microsimulation model that primarily takes into account individuals' labor supply decisions. Their analysis shows that trade liberalization does contribute to structural poverty reduction. But unless increased productivity and stronger growth rates are attributed to trade reform, its contribution to medium-term poverty reduction is rather small. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper; No. 3833
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject DENSITY FUNCTION
dc.subject DEREGULATION
dc.subject WTO
dc.subject ADVERSE IMPACT
dc.subject CHANGES IN POVERTY
dc.subject SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION
dc.subject LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject AVERAGE WAGE
dc.subject WAGE RATE
dc.subject LIVESTOCK
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCING
dc.subject REGRESSION ANALYSIS
dc.subject POVERTY LINES
dc.subject INCOME GENERATION
dc.subject RISK AVERSION
dc.subject TRADE POLICY
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject LIVESTOCK SECTOR
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL LEVELS
dc.subject INCOMES FROM AGRICULTURE
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject POVERTY RATES
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject LOW SHARE
dc.subject RELATIVE PRICES
dc.subject IMPACT ON POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject MICRO MODEL
dc.subject DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject REAL GDP
dc.subject SCHOOLING
dc.subject LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL INCOMES
dc.subject DOMESTIC PRICES
dc.subject FACTOR MARKETS
dc.subject UNSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject EQUATIONS
dc.subject CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
dc.subject EARNING
dc.subject WAGE RATES
dc.subject INCOME GAINS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject CHRONIC POVERTY
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject DRIVERS
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS
dc.subject LAND OWNERSHIP
dc.subject MULTILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject NEGATIVE EFFECT
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject ECONOMIC TRENDS
dc.subject EXPECTED WAGES
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT HISTORIES
dc.subject ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject FARMING ACTIVITIES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject REFORM PROGRAM
dc.subject UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject MEDIUM TERM
dc.subject DISTRIBUTIONAL DYNAMICS
dc.subject GROWTH RATES
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
dc.subject FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject EXPORTS
dc.subject ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
dc.subject UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject LANDOWNER
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject RURAL LIVELIHOODS
dc.subject MARGINAL EFFECT
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL WAGES
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT
dc.subject ERROR TERM
dc.subject SMALL FARMS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET SEGMENTATION
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject WORKERS
dc.subject POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject HIGH POVERTY
dc.subject ELASTICITY
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
dc.subject EXPLANATORY VARIABLES
dc.subject TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject OCCUPATION
dc.subject EXOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject HIGH INEQUALITY COUNTRIES
dc.subject AGRARIAN REFORM
dc.subject WORKER
dc.subject URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject RELATIVE INCOMES
dc.subject SKILL UPGRADING
dc.subject LABOR MOVEMENTS
dc.subject ESTIMATION METHOD
dc.subject AVERAGE GROWTH RATE
dc.subject URBAN POOR
dc.subject FACTOR PRICES
dc.subject STRUCTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject AVERAGE GROWTH
dc.subject POVERTY TRAPS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject LAND REFORM
dc.subject UTILITY FUNCTION
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEADS
dc.subject WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject EXPORT TAXES
dc.subject TRADE REFORMS
dc.subject SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject PUBLIC INVESTMENT
dc.subject STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject BENCHMARK
dc.subject RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT IN AGRICULTURE
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject RURAL POOR
dc.subject JOBS
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject HIGH INEQUALITY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT LEVELS
dc.subject NEGATIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject TOTAL POVERTY
dc.subject PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject HEADCOUNT RATIO
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SECTORS
dc.subject FINDING EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject FIXED COSTS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject RISING UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject LABOR SUPPLIES
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM
dc.subject DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject WAGE DIFFERENTIAL
dc.subject ESTIMATION RESULTS
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject ELASTICITY OF SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOMES
dc.subject MICRO DATA
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.title Structural Change and Poverty Reduction in Brazil : The Impact of the Doha Round en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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