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Nicaragua - Poverty Assessment : Volume 3. Background Paper

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-14T20:47:33Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-14T20:47:33Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8101
dc.description.abstract Nicaragua is a small, open economy that is vulnerable to external and natural shocks. With an estimated Gross National Income (GNI) per capita of US$1000 in 2006, and a total population of 5.2 million, it is one of the poorest countries in Latin America. Forty six percent of the population lived below the poverty line in 2005 (while 15 percent lived in extreme poverty), and the incidence of poverty is more than twice as high in rural areas (68 percent) than in urban areas (29 percent). Nicaragua's social indicators also rank among the lowest in the region, commensurate with its relatively low per capita income level. Nicaragua's long-term development vision is set out in its National Development Plan (NDP), 2005-2009, which gives greater importance to economic growth than the strategy document that preceded it. This also serves as its second Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). The goals of the PRS incorporate the MDGs, and establish medium (2006-2010) to long term targets (2015). By 2005, the country had made satisfactory progress on meeting the PRS/MDG targets for reducing extreme poverty, increasing net primary enrollment, and reducing infant and child mortality. This National Development Plan is being revised by the new government that took office on January 2007, which has expressed interest in maintaining policy continuity in those areas that have shown progress and tackling pending development challenges. These include efforts to improve the country's growth performance while reducing poverty, macroeconomic stability as a necessary, although not sufficient, condition to stimulate growth, and reduce poverty, a special focus on social issues that impact the poorest, including the MDGs, and environmental sustainability. Programmatic priorities for the new administration include a renewed focus on poverty reduction using a multi-sector approach, implementing pragmatic solutions to the energy crisis for the short to medium term; expanding water and sanitation services with environmentally sustainable solutions; sharing economic growth more broadly to tackle hunger, malnutrition and poverty; placing greater emphasis on preventive health and continuing social protection programs; extending illiteracy programs and improving education services, and pursuing municipal decentralization, state modernization, and good governance. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject HOSPITALS
dc.subject VALUABLE
dc.subject INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL CAMPAIGNS
dc.subject SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject PUBLIC INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS
dc.subject MORBIDITY
dc.subject EDUCATION SPENDING
dc.subject BENEFICIARY
dc.subject HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject TERTIARY LEVEL
dc.subject CHILD CARE
dc.subject NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject VULNERABILITY
dc.subject HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC HOSPITALS
dc.subject INCOMES
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject GENERAL PUBLIC
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject ILLNESS
dc.subject FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject CANCER
dc.subject MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject LOWER-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject PRESCHOOL CENTERS
dc.subject SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject TECHNICAL EDUCATION
dc.subject LOW INCOME
dc.subject READING
dc.subject NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
dc.subject DISEASES
dc.subject LOWER INCOME
dc.subject HIGH RATES OF FERTILITY
dc.subject LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject INFANT
dc.subject CONSUMER
dc.subject SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject POPULATION GROUPS
dc.subject SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject NURSING
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
dc.subject SCHOOL SUPPLIES
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject CLINICS
dc.subject QUESTIONNAIRES
dc.subject FERTILITY
dc.subject LEARNING
dc.subject PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject CONTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject POVERTY RATE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject SCHOOL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject ILLNESSES
dc.subject GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
dc.subject RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject SPECIAL EDUCATION
dc.subject ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject QUALITY OF CARE
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject FORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject RESPECT
dc.subject FAMILY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAM
dc.subject SCHOLARSHIP
dc.subject FINANCES
dc.subject SPENDING INCREASE
dc.subject ACCOUNTING
dc.subject PUBLIC INFORMATION
dc.subject SCHOLARSHIPS
dc.subject EDUCATION PROGRAMS
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject TERTIARY LEVELS
dc.subject LACK OF INTEREST
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject INTERVENTION
dc.subject QUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subject COST PER STUDENT
dc.subject ACCESS TO PRESCHOOL
dc.subject DAY CARE
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject PRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject PREVENTION ACTIVITIES
dc.subject NOURISHMENT
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject LACK OF INFORMATION
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL CENTERS
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject INSTITUTIONALIZATION
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject MALARIA
dc.subject HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject INJURIES
dc.subject SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject FOOD SUPPLEMENTS
dc.subject HEALTH CENTERS
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject SCHOOL SYSTEM
dc.subject LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject LEVEL OF DEBT
dc.subject IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject CALCULATIONS
dc.subject LEVELS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject CHILD CARE CENTERS
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject POOR INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject POVERTY LEVEL
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject PLACE OF RESIDENCE
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
dc.subject MEDICAL FACILITY
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject SOCIAL STUDIES
dc.subject SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject PRESCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject INCOME LEVEL
dc.subject PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject PUBLIC DEBT
dc.subject NATIONAL COUNCIL
dc.subject CLASSROOMS
dc.subject YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject MEDICAL CARE
dc.subject QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE
dc.subject POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject GRADE SCHOOLS
dc.subject USE PER CAPITA
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject HEALTH PROMOTION
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE
dc.subject POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject PROVISION OF EDUCATION
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
dc.subject PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject EQUAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION ENROLLMENT
dc.subject GENERAL POPULATION
dc.subject VACCINATION
dc.subject EDUCATION SERVICES
dc.subject ECONOMIC RESOURCES
dc.subject MEDICAL SERVICES
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject INDIGENOUS GROUPS
dc.subject SCHOOL STUDENTS
dc.subject HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject DENTISTRY
dc.subject PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject ADULT EDUCATION
dc.subject SCHOOL AGE
dc.subject LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject POTENTIAL USERS
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject POVERTY LEVELS
dc.subject MEDICINES
dc.subject RURAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject UNIVERSITY EDUCATION
dc.subject CHILD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject EXERCISES
dc.subject HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject TEACHERS
dc.subject VIOLENCE
dc.subject LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.title Nicaragua - Poverty Assessment : Volume 3. Background Paper en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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