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Human Capital and University-Industry Linkages' Role in Fostering Firm Innovation : An Empirical Study of Chile and Colombia

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dc.contributor.author Blom, Andreas
dc.contributor.author Mark, Michael
dc.contributor.author Thorn, Kristian
dc.contributor.author Marotta, Daniela
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-08T18:42:27Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-08T18:42:27Z
dc.date.issued 2007-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/7558
dc.description.abstract A firm's absorptive capacity, human capital and linkages with knowledge institutions have been shown to increase the firm's probability of innovating in OECD economies. Despite its importance for national- and firm-level competitiveness, few papers examine the impact of the same variables for firms innovation in Latin America. This paper investigates the link between firm innovation and its absorption capacity as proxied by the presence of a R&D department, the firm's human capital, and its interaction with research centers and universities. We analyze the case of Chilean and Colombian manufacturing firms using data from innovation surveys. A probit regression model is applied to identify the determinants of innovation activity. We find that collaboration with university and research institutions is associated with an increase in the probability of introducing a new product in Chilean and Colombian firms of 29 and 44 percent, respectively, and it can increase up to 58 percent in the case of Colombian firms interacting with research centers. Moreover, firms whose employees have a higher level of education, or whose managers/supervisors have a higher (perceived) level of knowledge, are more likely to innovate. Although the estimates could be affected by biases and suffer from shortcomings in data, the findings suggest that policies and incentives to increase firm-level human capital and industry-university linkages are important to increase innovation in Latin America. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4443
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject LATIN AMERICAN
dc.subject INDIVIDUAL FIRMS
dc.subject GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject WORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subject SAFETY
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject INNOVATION INPUTS
dc.subject INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION
dc.subject INNOVATION SURVEYS
dc.subject INNOVATION THEORY
dc.subject INNOVATIVE PERFORMANCE
dc.subject PROCESS INNOVATION
dc.subject INNOVATION OUTCOMES
dc.subject TIME PERIOD
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject SUCCESSFUL INNOVATION
dc.subject INNOVATIVE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY
dc.subject INNOVATION PERFORMANCE
dc.subject R&D
dc.subject INTERNATIONALISATION
dc.subject MANUFACTURING
dc.subject TRANSACTION
dc.subject EMAIL ADDRESS
dc.subject TELEVISION
dc.subject SUPPLIERS
dc.subject PRODUCT INNOVATION
dc.subject COMPETENCIES
dc.subject FIRM-SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject PROCESS INNOVATIONS
dc.subject COMPUTERS
dc.subject REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject INTERACTIVE LEARNING
dc.subject IDEA
dc.subject LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject SOURCES OF INFORMATION
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL POLICY
dc.subject INNOVATION INDICATORS
dc.subject LEARNING
dc.subject DATA QUALITY
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject RESULTS
dc.subject INNOVATIVE CAPACITY
dc.subject INNOVATION OUTCOME
dc.subject INNOVATION
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject FIRM PERFORMANCE
dc.subject CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject INTANGIBLE ASSETS
dc.subject INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
dc.subject SOCIAL KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject PRODUCT DESIGN
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE DIFFUSION
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESSES
dc.subject INNOVATION SYSTEM
dc.subject GOVERNMENT POLICY
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject INNOVATION CAPACITY
dc.subject PRODUCT INNOVATIONS
dc.subject INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS
dc.subject INNOVATION PROCESS
dc.subject ACCOUNTING
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION
dc.subject MISSING VALUES
dc.subject REGIONAL INNOVATION
dc.subject CAPABILITIES
dc.subject TACIT KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject THINKING
dc.subject COLLABORATION
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER
dc.subject RESULT
dc.subject NEW TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject DISCUSSION
dc.subject INTERRELATIONSHIPS
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTORS
dc.subject EXTERNAL RELATIONSHIPS
dc.subject INNOVATION PROGRAM
dc.subject INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES
dc.subject CAPABILITY
dc.subject VALUE CHAIN
dc.subject ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
dc.subject APPROACH TO INNOVATION
dc.subject MISSING VALUE
dc.subject TYPE OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject IDEAS
dc.subject EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject FOOD PROCESSING
dc.subject NETWORKS
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
dc.subject SYSTEM OF INNOVATION
dc.subject SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject LICENSES
dc.subject POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE FLOW
dc.subject INNOVATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject INNOVATION POLICY
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject TOP MANAGEMENT
dc.subject WOOD
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject INNOVATIVE FIRMS
dc.subject UTILITY MODELS
dc.subject GEOGRAPHY OF INNOVATION
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE CENTERS
dc.subject SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject NEW PRODUCT
dc.subject INNOVATION PROCESSES
dc.subject ECONOMICS
dc.subject ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
dc.subject MARKET SHARE
dc.subject RADIO
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject EXTENSION
dc.subject CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject NEW TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject WEB
dc.subject EQUIPMENT
dc.subject DOMAIN
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE FRONTIER
dc.subject NEW MARKET
dc.subject LOCALIZATION
dc.subject INNOVATIVE OUTPUT
dc.subject EXISTING KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject NEW PRODUCTS
dc.subject UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject INNOVATION OUTPUTS
dc.subject CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject INNOVATIVE PROCESSES
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
dc.subject MARKETING
dc.subject ECONOMICS OF INNOVATION
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.title Human Capital and University-Industry Linkages' Role in Fostering Firm Innovation : An Empirical Study of Chile and Colombia en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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