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Improving Logistics Costs for Transportation and Trade Facilitation

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dc.contributor.author Gonzalez, Julio A.
dc.contributor.author Guasch, Jose Luis
dc.contributor.author Serebrisky, Tomas
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-29T17:35:47Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-29T17:35:47Z
dc.date.issued 2008-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6566
dc.description.abstract Access to basic infrastructure services - roads, electricity, water, sanitation - and the efficient provision of the services, is a key challenge in the fight against poverty. Many of the poor (and particularly the extreme poor) in rural communities in Latin America live on average 5 kilometers or more from the nearest paved road, which is almost twice as far as non-poor rural households. There have been major improvements in access to water, sanitation, electricity, telecommunications, ports, and airports, but road coverage has not changed much, although some effort and resources have been invested to improve the quality of road networks. This paper focuses on the main determinants of logistics costs and physical access to services and, whenever possible, provides evidence of the effects of these determinants on competitiveness, growth, and poverty in Latin American economies. The analysis shows the impact of improving infrastructure and logistics costs on three fronts - macro (growth), micro (productivity at the firm level), and poverty (the earnings of poor/rural people). In addition, the paper provides recommendations and solutions that encompass a series of policies to reduce the prevalent high logistics costs and limited access to services in Latin America. The recommendations rely on applied economic analysis on logistics and trade facilitation. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4558
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject TRANSPORT OF GOODS
dc.subject REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject VEHICLE FLEET
dc.subject LATIN AMERICAN
dc.subject HARMONIZATION
dc.subject DEREGULATION
dc.subject COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dc.subject ROAD USER
dc.subject ACTUAL COSTS
dc.subject GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject PUBLIC ENTERPRISES
dc.subject INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS
dc.subject SAFETY
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION CENTERS
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject VEHICLE
dc.subject HIGHWAYS
dc.subject REGRESSION ANALYSIS
dc.subject HIGHWAY
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject TRANSPORT
dc.subject AIM
dc.subject FREIGHT FORWARDERS
dc.subject CONGESTION
dc.subject NAVIGATION
dc.subject TRAFFIC LEVELS
dc.subject REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject MANUFACTURING
dc.subject TRANSACTION
dc.subject GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject BEST PRACTICE
dc.subject LOGISTICS PROVIDERS
dc.subject LOGISTICS COSTS
dc.subject USES
dc.subject TRADE FLOWS
dc.subject CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject SAFETY NETS
dc.subject INCREMENTAL BENEFITS
dc.subject FINANCIAL BENEFITS
dc.subject ELECTRICITY
dc.subject CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE
dc.subject TELECOM
dc.subject AD VALOREM
dc.subject RAILWAYS
dc.subject PACKAGING
dc.subject VEHICLE CLASSES
dc.subject SHIPPERS
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject MAINTENANCE COSTS
dc.subject ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject BUSINESS LOGISTICS
dc.subject TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject CARGO
dc.subject COST OF CAPITAL
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject ROAD
dc.subject INLAND WATERWAYS
dc.subject INVENTORY LEVEL
dc.subject PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject BOTTLENECKS
dc.subject RESULTS
dc.subject SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject FLOW OF INFORMATION
dc.subject TRAVEL TIME
dc.subject POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject BUSINESSES
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject TRADE FACILITATION
dc.subject PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESSES
dc.subject ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject MOVEMENT OF GOODS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT POLICY
dc.subject AGGREGATE DEMAND
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION NETWORK
dc.subject EXPORT DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ACCOUNTING
dc.subject FREE TRADE
dc.subject INTERNATIONALIZATION
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject INSURANCE
dc.subject EXPORTS
dc.subject INVENTORY LEVELS
dc.subject E-BUSINESS
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject TARIFF BARRIERS
dc.subject TECHNICAL SKILLS
dc.subject LAWS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS
dc.subject TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject RESULT
dc.subject FREIGHT
dc.subject ROAD CONDITIONS
dc.subject QUALITY OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject ROAD SERVICES
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject OVERVALUATION
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTORS
dc.subject LOGISTICS SYSTEMS
dc.subject INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject CONSUMERS
dc.subject IMPROVEMENTS IN ACCESS
dc.subject TRUE
dc.subject ELASTICITY
dc.subject LOGISTICS SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject IMPORT BARRIERS
dc.subject INVENTORIES
dc.subject TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject VEHICLE OPERATION
dc.subject LIMITED ACCESS
dc.subject SEARCH
dc.subject EXOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject TELEPHONE
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject GLOBAL ECONOMY
dc.subject AIR
dc.subject SAHARA
dc.subject TELECOMMUNICATION
dc.subject MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject VEHICLE OPERATING
dc.subject DISCOUNT RATE
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject NEW MARKETS
dc.subject MATERIAL
dc.subject MENU
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject BRIDGE
dc.subject INVENTORY HOLDING COSTS
dc.subject BUSINESS INDICATORS
dc.subject INTERFACES
dc.subject PORT FACILITIES
dc.subject HIGHWAY DESIGN
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT
dc.subject CUSTOM
dc.subject TELEPHONE LINES
dc.subject TAXATION
dc.subject TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject RELIABILITY
dc.subject RURAL ROADS
dc.subject DAYS OF INVENTORY
dc.subject OUTPUT PER CAPITA
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject BENCHMARKS
dc.subject COST -BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dc.subject TRADE FACILITATION PROCEDURES
dc.subject STREETS
dc.subject ROAD TRANSPORT
dc.subject SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
dc.subject MIDDLE EAST
dc.subject TOTAL OUTPUT
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject FLOW OF GOODS
dc.subject LOGISTICS SYSTEM
dc.subject CUSTOMS
dc.subject SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT SERVICES
dc.subject TRAFFIC GROWTH
dc.subject BILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject LEVELS OF INVENTORIES
dc.subject INSPECTIONS
dc.subject TRAFFIC
dc.subject WEB
dc.subject INVENTORY
dc.subject RAILROADS
dc.subject INFLATION
dc.subject ROADS
dc.subject ROAD USERS
dc.subject CONNECTIVITY
dc.subject AGGREGATE INVENTORY
dc.subject AIRPORTS
dc.subject NORTH AFRICA
dc.subject ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS
dc.subject INTEREST RATE
dc.subject TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject E-MAIL
dc.subject GNP
dc.subject CELLULAR PHONES
dc.subject BORDER CROSSINGS
dc.subject DEVALUATION
dc.subject SET OF STANDARD
dc.subject INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICE
dc.subject BORDER CROSSING
dc.subject INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION
dc.subject HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE
dc.subject FOREIGN TRADE
dc.subject STOCKS
dc.title Improving Logistics Costs for Transportation and Trade Facilitation en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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