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The Political Economy of the Middle Class in the Dominican Republic : Individualization of Public Goods, Lack of Institutional Trust and Weak Collective Action

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dc.contributor.author Senderowitsch, Roby
dc.contributor.author Sánchez, Miguel Eduardo
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-27T07:44:41Z
dc.date.available 2012-04-27T07:44:41Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6052
dc.description.abstract This paper tries to uncover some of the hidden factors behind poor public service delivery in the Dominican Republic. By looking at three sector cases, education, health and electricity, it is possible to observe that in this setting of low quality of public services the "middle class" is opting out from the system and adopting private solutions to collective problems. The combination of this opting out behavior with low levels of institutional trust, especially among "middle class" members, fragmented interests and clientelism, among other factors, results in weak collective action and lack of effective demand for improvements in service provision. Some of the tentative policy options to break this sub-optimal equilibrium are i) to build capacity in civil society organizations and help them forming a pro-reform coalition, ii) reduce the gap between the middle class and the poorer by trying to improve the provision of public goods and enlarging the welfare state, and (iii) increase transparency mechanisms and introduce e-government formulas in order to optimize the allocation of public resources. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper ; No. 6049
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject LIQUIDITY
dc.subject HOSPITALS
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject CENTRAL BANK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEMS
dc.subject VULNERABILITY
dc.subject CITIZENS
dc.subject PRIVATE SPENDING
dc.subject HEALTH EXPENDITURE
dc.subject PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject PUBLIC FINANCES
dc.subject POLITICIANS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject AGED
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject CITIZEN
dc.subject BASIC SERVICES
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject ALLOCATION
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICES
dc.subject FINANCIAL SHOCKS
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject LARGER FAMILIES
dc.subject PUBLIC SECTOR SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject TAX
dc.subject DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject DISEASES
dc.subject EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject NATIONAL INSURANCE
dc.subject INFANT
dc.subject ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
dc.subject PUBLIC
dc.subject REPUBLIC
dc.subject TELEVISION
dc.subject CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject PUBLIC BUDGET
dc.subject ELECTRICITY
dc.subject MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject CLINICS
dc.subject DEMOCRACY
dc.subject PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject MINISTRY OF ECONOMY
dc.subject PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject PATIENT
dc.subject POLITICAL PARTIES
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES
dc.subject FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject SURGERY
dc.subject PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject RESPECT
dc.subject TOTAL SPENDING
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject EDUCATION POLICIES
dc.subject POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject SUPPLY SYSTEMS
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject PUBLIC USE
dc.subject FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject QUALITY SERVICE
dc.subject TAX ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject RELIGIOUS GROUPS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
dc.subject WORKING POPULATION
dc.subject PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject FINANCIAL ASSETS
dc.subject TAX COLLECTION
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject LABOUR FORCE
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject WORKERS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subject SOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject CIVIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject COLLECTIVE ACTION
dc.subject NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject PUBLIC PROVISION
dc.subject TAX REFORM
dc.subject CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject PRIVATE GOODS
dc.subject VICIOUS CYCLE
dc.subject POVERTY LEVEL
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject PUBLIC GRID
dc.subject RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject QUALITY SERVICES
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH EXPENDITURE
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES
dc.subject PUBLIC CONTRACTS
dc.subject ABSENTEEISM
dc.subject LIMITED RESOURCES
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM
dc.subject HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS
dc.subject WORKFORCE
dc.subject REDISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
dc.subject HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject SPOUSE
dc.subject STREETS
dc.subject EXPENDITURE
dc.subject GOOD GOVERNANCE
dc.subject PUBLIC OPINION
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject REMITTANCES
dc.subject RADIO
dc.subject PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject EDUCATION SERVICES
dc.subject SOCIAL COHESION
dc.subject ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject WELFARE STATE
dc.subject PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject PUBLIC RESOURCES
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject PRIVATE HANDS
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject MEDICINES
dc.subject FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject HOSPITAL
dc.subject POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.title The Political Economy of the Middle Class in the Dominican Republic : Individualization of Public Goods, Lack of Institutional Trust and Weak Collective Action en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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