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DR-CAFTA and the Environment

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dc.contributor.author Mani, Muthukumara
dc.contributor.author Cunha, Barbara
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-19T18:05:07Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-19T18:05:07Z
dc.date.issued 2011-10-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3590
dc.description.abstract The Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement with the United States aims to create a free trade zone for economic development. The Agreement is expected to intensify commerce and investment among the participating countries. This paper analyzes the changes in the production and trading patterns in 2-digit manufacturing sectors with the goal of understanding the short-term environmental implications of the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement. More specifically, the paper addresses the questions: Did pollution increase in the period after the Agreement negotiations? Did trade and production shift toward pollution intensive factors? The results suggest an increase in pollution emissions in the post-negotiations period. The increase in emissions is mainly attributable to scale effects. Composition effects are small and in some cases (including Nicaragua and Honduras) favoring cleaner industries and partially compensating the pollution gains from output and export growth. en
dc.language English
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5826
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject POLLUTION LEVELS
dc.subject REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
dc.subject OUTPUT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject INCREASING RETURNS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
dc.subject CENTRAL BANK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
dc.subject EMPIRICAL BASIS
dc.subject NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject REGRESSION ANALYSIS
dc.subject COMMON PROPERTY
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE EXPLOITATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENT POLICIES
dc.subject FINANCIAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject INCOMES
dc.subject RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject NATURAL ENDOWMENTS
dc.subject PASTURES
dc.subject EMPIRICAL STUDIES
dc.subject WASTE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject POTABLE WATER
dc.subject EFFECTS OF POLLUTION
dc.subject DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject WORLD TRADE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
dc.subject EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject LEVEL OF EMISSIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject SCALE EFFECTS
dc.subject DOMESTIC ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REFORMS
dc.subject PRODUCTION STRUCTURE
dc.subject CONSTANT RETURNS TO SCALE
dc.subject MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY
dc.subject CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject SOLID WASTES
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
dc.subject EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject ANNUAL EMISSIONS
dc.subject LAND USE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject COST STRUCTURE
dc.subject COMMODITIES
dc.subject FREE TRADE
dc.subject LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject AGGREGATE ANALYSIS
dc.subject COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject EXPORTS
dc.subject URUGUAY ROUND
dc.subject CLEAN INDUSTRIES
dc.subject COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject FOREIGN COMPETITION
dc.subject SCALE EFFECT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject EMISSIONS LEVELS
dc.subject ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject AVERAGE EMISSIONS
dc.subject FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject POWER PARITY
dc.subject TRADING BLOCS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject POLLUTION ABATEMENT
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject SOCIAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject CARBON
dc.subject METALS
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY
dc.subject FIXED EFFECTS
dc.subject INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject EMISSIONS GROWTH
dc.subject POLLUTANTS
dc.subject ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION
dc.subject CRITICAL SURVEY
dc.subject WASTE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject DIRTY INDUSTRY
dc.subject HIGH LEVELS
dc.subject SHARE OF CAPITAL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
dc.subject COAL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
dc.subject REGULATORY GAPS
dc.subject RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject MINES
dc.subject TOXIC SUBSTANCES
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject FACTORS OF PRODUCTION
dc.subject ABATEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS
dc.subject REGULATORY REGIMES
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject IRON
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject REMOTE SENSING
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject REGULATORY REGIME
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL RISK
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject CLEANER TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject FOOD PRODUCTS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject SULFUR DIOXIDE
dc.subject PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES
dc.subject PROTECTED AREAS
dc.subject FORESTRY
dc.subject INFORMATION SYSTEM
dc.subject SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject POLLUTION REGULATIONS
dc.subject ABATEMENT COSTS
dc.subject ECONOMICS
dc.subject POLLUTION HAVENS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REGIMES
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES
dc.subject MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject BENCHMARK
dc.subject AIR POLLUTANTS
dc.subject DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject TOTAL OUTPUT
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject POLLUTION PROBLEMS
dc.subject DEFORESTATION
dc.subject MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject NITROGEN OXIDE
dc.subject ECONOMICS RESEARCH
dc.subject POLLUTION INTENSITY
dc.subject POLLUTION PREVENTION
dc.subject WORLD ECONOMY
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject FORMAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject INFORMATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
dc.subject ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject POLLUTION
dc.subject CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE
dc.subject METAL
dc.subject FUTURE RESEARCH
dc.subject RETURNS TO SCALE
dc.subject TREATIES
dc.subject FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject OUTPUTS
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject DECENTRALIZATION
dc.title DR-CAFTA and the Environment en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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