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Crime and Violence in Central America : A Development Challenge - Executive Summary

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-19T10:26:15Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-19T10:26:15Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2979
dc.description.abstract Crime and violence are now a key development issue for Central American countries. In three nations El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras crime rates are among the top five in Latin America. This report argues that successful strategies require actions along multiple fronts, combining prevention and criminal justice reform, together with regional approaches in the areas of drug trafficking and firearms. It also argues that interventions should be evidence based, starting with a clear understanding of the risk factors involved and ending with a careful evaluation of how any planned action might affect future options. In addition, the design of national crime reduction plans and the establishment of national cross-sectoral crime commissions are important steps to coordinate the actions of different government branches, ease cross-sectoral collaboration and prioritize resource allocation. Of equal importance is the fact that national plans offer a vehicle for the involvement of civil society organizations, in which much of the expertise in violence prevention and rehabilitation resides. Prevention efforts need to be complemented by effective law enforcement. The required reforms are no longer primarily legislative in nature because all six countries have advanced toward more transparent adversarial criminal procedures. The second-generation reforms should instead help deliver on the promises of previous reforms by: (i) strengthening key institutions and improving the quality and timeliness of the services they provide to citizens; (ii) improving efficiency and effectiveness while respecting due process and human rights; (iii) ensuring accountability and addressing corruption; (iv) increasing inter-agency collaboration; and (v) improving access to justice, especially for poor and disenfranchised groups. Specific interventions reviewed in the report include: information systems and performance indicators as a prerequisite to improve inter-institutional coordination and information sharing mechanisms; an internal overhaul of court administration and case management to create rapid reaction, one-stop shops; the strengthening of entities that provide legal counseling to the poor and to women; and the promotion of alternative dispute-resolution mechanisms and the implementation of community policing programs. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL CRIME
dc.subject AGE AT MARRIAGE
dc.subject DELINQUENCY
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject SEXUAL ASSAULT
dc.subject NARCOTICS CONTROL
dc.subject POLICE
dc.subject VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject HOMICIDE RATE
dc.subject CRIMINAL
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
dc.subject AGED
dc.subject DRUG TRADE
dc.subject LAWLESSNESS
dc.subject LEGAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject PROSECUTION
dc.subject INITIATIVE
dc.subject ROBBERIES
dc.subject JUVENILE JUSTICE
dc.subject CRIMINAL JUSTICE
dc.subject PERPETRATORS
dc.subject CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS
dc.subject SOCIAL ISOLATION
dc.subject YOUTH VIOLENCE
dc.subject LYNCHING
dc.subject ALCOHOL
dc.subject SLUM UPGRADING
dc.subject TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject GUNS
dc.subject RULE OF LAW
dc.subject TORTURE
dc.subject CASE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject LEVELS OF CRIME
dc.subject HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject POLICE OFFICERS
dc.subject JUDICIAL SYSTEM
dc.subject ARMED CONFLICT
dc.subject SLUM
dc.subject WEAPONS
dc.subject CRIME PREVENTION
dc.subject INJURY
dc.subject JUVENILE JUSTICE FACILITIES
dc.subject VIOLENT CRIME
dc.subject CRIME PREVENTION MEASURES
dc.subject CRIME REDUCTION
dc.subject HOMICIDE
dc.subject EXTORTION
dc.subject GANGS
dc.subject THEFT
dc.subject DEMOCRACY
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject COERCION
dc.subject KIDNAPPING
dc.subject SEXUAL ABUSE
dc.subject SEX
dc.subject WAR
dc.subject PRISON
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS
dc.subject TRIAL
dc.subject DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
dc.subject PARENTING
dc.subject KIDNAPPERS
dc.subject CONFIDENCE
dc.subject LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject LEGISLATION
dc.subject TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject VIOLENCE PREVENTION
dc.subject CRIMINAL DEPORTEES
dc.subject PREVENTION OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject JUDICIARY
dc.subject TERRORISM
dc.subject MURDER RATES
dc.subject BRIBERY
dc.subject INVESTIGATION
dc.subject DRUG TRAFFICKERS
dc.subject SEVERE VIOLENCE
dc.subject GUN REGISTRIES
dc.subject DRUGS
dc.subject ACCOUNTING
dc.subject OFFENDERS
dc.subject SLUM-UPGRADING
dc.subject POLITICAL WILL
dc.subject CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
dc.subject INTERVENTION
dc.subject ATTORNEYS
dc.subject CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject HOMICIDES
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject LAWS
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject DRUG TRAFFICKING
dc.subject MENTORING
dc.subject CRIME RATES
dc.subject CRIME VICTIMS
dc.subject PERPETRATORS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject DRUG USE
dc.subject SENTENCING
dc.subject YOUTH
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject INJURIES
dc.subject DEMOCRACIES
dc.subject INSECURITY
dc.subject STREET VENDORS
dc.subject DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT
dc.subject DUE PROCESS
dc.subject RISK FACTORS
dc.subject VICTIMS
dc.subject WEAPON
dc.subject MURDERS
dc.subject SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject CRIMINAL CODES
dc.subject GUN INTERDICTION
dc.subject ASSAULTS
dc.subject INCARCERATED YOUTH
dc.subject FRAUD
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS
dc.subject ASSAULT RATE
dc.subject GANG MEMBERS
dc.subject INTIMATE PARTNER
dc.subject BURGLARY
dc.subject SEX INDUSTRY
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject FIREARMS
dc.subject MEDIA
dc.subject THEFTS
dc.subject ROBBERY
dc.subject PROSECUTORS
dc.subject IRON
dc.subject DRINKING
dc.subject COCAINE
dc.subject PENALTY
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject CRIMINAL ACT
dc.subject ORGANIZED CRIME
dc.subject CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject HIGH-RISK
dc.subject HARM REDUCTION
dc.subject SECURITY COSTS
dc.subject LEGAL FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject ACCIDENT
dc.subject NARCOTICS
dc.subject RATES OF CRIME
dc.subject PUBLIC OPINION
dc.subject CRIME VICTIMIZATION
dc.subject PROSTITUTES
dc.subject VIOLENT CONDUCT
dc.subject COURTS
dc.subject CORRUPTION
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject HIGH CRIME
dc.subject CRIMINALS
dc.subject GUN OWNERSHIP
dc.subject CRIMES
dc.subject YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject SEXUAL VIOLENCE
dc.subject CRIME STATISTICS
dc.subject TRAFFICKING
dc.subject HOMICIDE RATES
dc.subject ASSAULT
dc.subject PROPERTY CRIME
dc.subject YOUTH ACTIVITIES
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject CRIME STATISTIC
dc.subject DRUG
dc.subject YOUTH GANGS
dc.subject RAPE
dc.subject PRE-TRIAL DETENTION
dc.subject MURDER
dc.subject DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject YOUNG MEN
dc.subject GANG
dc.subject PRISONS
dc.subject DEPORTATION
dc.subject GUN
dc.subject NEEDS OF YOUTH
dc.subject VIOLENCE
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
dc.title Crime and Violence in Central America : A Development Challenge - Executive Summary en
dc.title.alternative Crimen y violencia en Centroamerica : un desafio para el desarrollo en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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