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Globalization, Wages, and the Quality of Jobs : Five Country Studies

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dc.contributor.author Sanchez-Puerta, María Laura
dc.contributor.author Brown, Drusilla
dc.contributor.author Robertson, Raymond
dc.contributor.author Pierre, Gaëlle
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-19T10:04:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-19T10:04:03Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.isbn 978-0-8213-7934-9
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2654
dc.description.abstract The country studies in this volume analyze the link between globalization and working conditions in Cambodia, El Salvador, Honduras, Indonesia, and Madagascar. These countries vary significantly in population, economic circumstances, region, history, and institutions. All have experienced liberalization and globalization in the last 20 years. The heterogeneity of these countries provides the basis for a useful comparison of the effects of globalization on working conditions. As suggested in the framework, each country study has three main components: a description of the country's experience with globalization, a qualitative part that analyzes country-specific aspects of working conditions, and an analysis of changes in interindustry wage differentials (IIWDs) that can be compared across countries. In general, globalization has been characterized by export-driven foreign direct investment (FDI) concentrated in relatively few sectors. Export-driven FDI in the apparel sector plays a prominent role in each country, although to varying degrees. In Cambodia, apparel made up 82 percent of all merchandise exports in 2003. Nearly two-thirds of that total was destined for the U.S. market. Virtually all factories in the Cambodian garment sector are foreign owned. Honduras rose from being the 34th largest supplier of apparel to the United states (U.S.) market in 1990 to fourth place in 2003. In 2003, two-thirds of all Honduran exports to the U.S. were garments and more than 82 percent of all Honduran workers worked in foreign-owned factories. A similar pattern emerges for El Salvador. For Madagascar, apparel exports from the Zone Franche were the primary force behind the country's remarkable export growth and its transition from exporting primary products to exporting manufactured products between 1990 and 2005. By 2001, Madagascar had become the second most important clothing exporter in Sub-Saharan Africa as measured by total export value. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject LABOR MOVEMENT
dc.subject WTO
dc.subject UNFAIR COMPETITION
dc.subject GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject AVERAGE WAGE
dc.subject WAGE RATE
dc.subject SAFETY
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject WOMEN WORKERS
dc.subject MULTINATIONAL FIRMS
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYED WORKERS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject TRADE POLICY
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL MARKET
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL WAGE
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject GNP PER CAPITA
dc.subject PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject QUOTA RENTS
dc.subject EXPORT-PROCESSING ZONES
dc.subject NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject TRADE POLICIES
dc.subject WORKING
dc.subject HIGH WAGES
dc.subject UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subject LABOR PRACTICES
dc.subject FACTOR MARKETS
dc.subject SUPPLIERS
dc.subject WAGE DATA
dc.subject LABOUR
dc.subject POSITIVE EFFECTS
dc.subject WAGE RATES
dc.subject SAFETY STANDARDS
dc.subject SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
dc.subject APPAREL INDUSTRY
dc.subject LABORERS
dc.subject ANTI-SWEATSHOP MOVEMENT
dc.subject WAGE DETERMINATION
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject MARKET WAGES
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject ECONOMICS LITERATURE
dc.subject JOB LOSS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject WORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subject LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject CORPORATE CODE
dc.subject LABOR LAW
dc.subject EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject RATCHETING LABOR STANDARDS
dc.subject COMPENSATION
dc.subject LABOR MOBILITY
dc.subject INNOVATION
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject INNOVATIONS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT REGULATION
dc.subject COMPENSATING WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject SAFEGUARDS
dc.subject SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
dc.subject PRODUCTIVE FIRMS
dc.subject TRADE UNIONS
dc.subject MANPOWER
dc.subject LABOR CONDITIONS
dc.subject INDUSTRY WAGE
dc.subject IMPROVED WORKING CONDITIONS
dc.subject PROFIT MAXIMIZING
dc.subject TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE
dc.subject RIGHT TO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subject FIRM SIZE
dc.subject IMPORT QUOTAS
dc.subject PROFIT MARGINS
dc.subject FREE TRADE
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject SEVERANCE PAY
dc.subject INDUSTRY CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject RISK AVERSE
dc.subject INSURANCE
dc.subject EXPORTS
dc.subject ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject OVERTIME
dc.subject ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS
dc.subject UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject YOUNG WORKERS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
dc.subject GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES
dc.subject AVERAGE WAGES
dc.subject LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject BARGAINING POWER
dc.subject CORE LABOR STANDARDS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject WEALTH
dc.subject ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject CONSUMERS
dc.subject POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject IMPERFECT COMPETITION
dc.subject GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject PAYING JOBS
dc.subject CORPORATE CODES OF CONDUCT
dc.subject BARGAINING
dc.subject INJURIES
dc.subject FIRM LEVEL
dc.subject WORKPLACE
dc.subject EFFICIENCY WAGES
dc.subject FACTORY MANAGERS
dc.subject DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject ECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject WAGE PREMIUM
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject LABOR MANAGEMENT
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject WORKER
dc.subject WAGE INEQUALITY
dc.subject AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject JOB CREATION
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject LABOR STANDARDS
dc.subject LABOR MOVEMENTS
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject REGRESSION ANALYSES
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject PERSONNEL
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES
dc.subject WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject WAGE EFFECTS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject QUOTAS
dc.subject WAGE STRUCTURE
dc.subject SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject CHILD LABOR
dc.subject LABOR RELATIONS
dc.subject CORPORATE CODES
dc.subject SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject ECONOMICS
dc.subject FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
dc.subject WORKER HETEROGENEITY
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subject WAGE PREMIUMS
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject JOBS
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
dc.subject REAL WAGE
dc.subject APPAREL FACTORIES
dc.subject LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT
dc.subject REAL WAGES
dc.subject WORKER PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE
dc.subject UNION MEMBERSHIP
dc.subject EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject CORPORATE POLICY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT SHARE
dc.subject ILO CONVENTIONS
dc.subject COMPULSORY LABOR
dc.subject COMPETITIVE MARKETS
dc.subject DIMINISHING RETURNS
dc.subject WAGE DIFFERENTIAL
dc.subject RENTS
dc.subject GNP
dc.subject FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES
dc.subject TRANSITION ECONOMIES
dc.subject COMPETITIVE LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject FUTURE RESEARCH
dc.subject APPAREL SECTOR
dc.title Globalization, Wages, and the Quality of Jobs : Five Country Studies en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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