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Ageing Poorly?

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dc.contributor.author Messina, Julian
dc.contributor.author Firpo, Sergio P.
dc.contributor.author Ferreira, Francisco H. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-13T17:20:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-13T17:20:55Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/26359
dc.description.abstract The Gini coefficient of labor earnings in Brazil fell by nearly a fifth between 1995 and 2012, from 0.50 to 0.41. The decline in earnings inequality was even larger by other measures, with the 90-10 percentile ratio falling by almost 40 percent. Although the conventional explanation of a falling education premium did play a role, an RIF regression-based decomposition analysis suggests that the decline in returns to potential experience was the main factor behind lower wage disparities during the period. Substantial reductions in the gender, race, informality and urban-rural wage gaps, conditional on human capital and institutional variables, also contributed to the decline. Although rising minimum wages were equalizing during 2003-2012, they had the opposite effects during 1995-2003, because of declining compliance. Over the entire period, the direct effect of minimum wages on inequality was muted. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8018
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject WAGE GAPS
dc.subject EARNINGS
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject RIF REGRESSIONS
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGE
dc.title Ageing Poorly? en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.title.subtitle Accounting for the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil, 1995-2012


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