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Analysis of the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment in Nicaragua

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-23T18:20:04Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-16T00:10:11Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-23T18:20:04Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-16T00:10:11Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22289
dc.description.abstract Globally, an estimated 24 percent of the disease burden (healthy life years lost) and an estimated 23 percent of all deaths (premature mortality) are attributable to environmental risks (World Health Organization, or WHO 2006). The burden of disease is unequally shared, with the children and the poor being particularly affected. Among children between the ages 0 and 14, the proportion of deaths attributable to environmental risks, such as poor water and sanitation, indoor air pollution and vector-borne diseases, is estimated to be as high as 36 percent (WHO 2006). Several key messages have emerged from the process of putting together this study: (i) environmental health risks impose a significant burden on Nicaraguas economy, amounting to 2.6 billion Nicaraguan Cordoba (NIO) or 2.4 percent of the countrys Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and result in premature deaths and infections, especially in children under five; (ii) cost-effective interventions to address these environmental health risks exist and should be prioritized in Nicaragua; (iii) country-specific health and environmental data are somewhat limited, especially in the case of air quality, and data collection and monitoring need to be further strengthened; and (iv) the capacity of Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARENA) and Ministry of Health (MINSA) staff to conduct environmental health costing analysis needs to be strengthened through proper training. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject POLLUTION LEVELS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
dc.subject MITIGATION MEASURES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
dc.subject FOREIGN AFFAIRS
dc.subject CONTROL STANDARD
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
dc.subject AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY INVOLVEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
dc.subject PERFORMANCE GOALS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject DRINKING WATER QUALITY
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject AUDITS
dc.subject POLLUTION CONTROL
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject FISHERIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
dc.subject PUBLIC CONSULTATION
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL USES
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
dc.subject CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES
dc.subject EMISSION
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE USE
dc.subject EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject COMPLIANCE PROMOTION
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subject LEGAL ACTIONS
dc.subject ZONING PLANS
dc.subject INSPECTION PROGRAM
dc.subject REGULATORY PROVISIONS
dc.subject HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject APPROVAL PROCESS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT EVALUATION
dc.subject RESOURCE USE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
dc.subject SOLID WASTE
dc.subject STAKEHOLDER GROUPS
dc.subject TECHNICAL STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTIVES
dc.subject LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES
dc.subject IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES
dc.subject REGULATORY MECHANISMS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject TRADABLE PERMITS
dc.subject LEGISLATION
dc.subject POLICY OBJECTIVES
dc.subject FINAL DRAFT
dc.subject LAND USE
dc.subject ZONING PLAN
dc.subject EMISSION STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject OXYGEN
dc.subject CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject DIESEL
dc.subject LEGAL BASIS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
dc.subject REGULATOR
dc.subject EFFICIENT SYSTEM
dc.subject MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject AIR QUALITY
dc.subject POLLUTION CHARGES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject MONITORING DATA
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
dc.subject HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
dc.subject EFFECTIVE APPROACH
dc.subject PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
dc.subject IMPLEMENTING REGULATIONS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL SECTOR
dc.subject PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject VOLUNTARY AGREEMENTS
dc.subject GASOLINE
dc.subject POLLUTANTS
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject FINAL STEP
dc.subject FISHING
dc.subject ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject FEDERAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject WASTE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND
dc.subject POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject ENERGY GENERATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
dc.subject DRINKING WATER
dc.subject CONSERVATION OF NATURE
dc.subject MINES
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AREA
dc.subject MONITORING SYSTEM
dc.subject NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject OIL
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL SOURCES
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject FUEL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PERMITS
dc.subject CLEAN PRODUCTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject CONTROLLING AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject TAX DIFFERENTIATION
dc.subject FORESTRY
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
dc.subject FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
dc.subject DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject INNOVATIVE FORMS
dc.subject POLLUTION PROBLEMS
dc.subject CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND
dc.subject DECISION MAKERS
dc.subject CONTROL REGULATIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject RECREATIONAL PURPOSES
dc.subject REGULATORY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject TECHNICAL EXPERTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES
dc.subject WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject MINISTER
dc.subject PUBLIC CONSULTATIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PRIORITIES
dc.subject PERMITTING PROCESS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS
dc.subject EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject POLLUTION
dc.subject PUBLIC ACCESS
dc.subject ECONOMIC BENEFITS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject CONSULTATIONS
dc.subject SULFUR CONTENT
dc.subject REGULATORY STANDARDS
dc.subject POLICY PLANNING
dc.subject ECONOMIC INCENTIVES
dc.subject FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject POLLUTERS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL NORMS
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.title Analysis of the Process of Environmental Impact Assessment in Nicaragua en
dc.type Report en
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.title.subtitle Addressing Key Environmental Challenges--Study 3


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