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Environmental Health in Nicaragua

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-23T18:14:23Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-16T00:11:20Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-23T18:14:23Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-16T00:11:20Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22288
dc.description.abstract Globally, an estimated 24 percent of the disease burden (healthy life years lost) and an estimated 23 percent of all deaths (premature mortality) are attributable to environmental risks (World Health Organization, or WHO 2006). The burden of disease is unequally shared, with the children and the poor being particularly affected. Among children between the ages 0 and 14, the proportion of deaths attributable to environmental risks, such as poor water and sanitation, indoor air pollution and vector-borne diseases, is estimated to be as high as 36 percent (WHO 2006). Several key messages have emerged from the process of putting together this study: (i) environmental health risks impose a significant burden on Nicaraguas economy, amounting to 2.6 billion Nicaraguan Cordoba (NIO) or 2.4 percent of the countrys Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and result in premature deaths and infections, especially in children under five; (ii) cost-effective interventions to address these environmental health risks exist and should be prioritized in Nicaragua; (iii) country-specific health and environmental data are somewhat limited, especially in the case of air quality, and data collection and monitoring need to be further strengthened; and (iv) the capacity of Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARENA) and Ministry of Health (MINSA) staff to conduct environmental health costing analysis needs to be strengthened through proper training. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject SANITATION FACILITIES
dc.subject DEATHS OF CHILDREN
dc.subject INFECTIONS IN WOMEN
dc.subject AGE GROUP
dc.subject SEPTIC TANK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject MORBIDITY
dc.subject ILL HEALTH
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject VENTILATION
dc.subject HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS
dc.subject VULNERABILITY
dc.subject HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject INDOOR AIR QUALITY
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WATER
dc.subject AIR QUALITY MONITORING
dc.subject POPULATION SUBGROUPS
dc.subject SANITATION SECTOR
dc.subject EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
dc.subject INVESTMENT COSTS
dc.subject WATER SANITATION
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject ILLNESS
dc.subject COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS
dc.subject HEALTH DAMAGE
dc.subject CANCER
dc.subject POLLUTION EXPOSURE
dc.subject WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject WASTE
dc.subject POOR HEALTH
dc.subject POTABLE WATER
dc.subject SANITATION COVERAGE
dc.subject HEALTH EFFECTS
dc.subject DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject SEWAGE
dc.subject URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject COST OF WATER
dc.subject PIT LATRINES
dc.subject SANITATION SERVICES
dc.subject ADULT MORBIDITY
dc.subject BOREHOLES
dc.subject RURAL SANITATION
dc.subject CHRONIC BRONCHITIS
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject CLEANER FUELS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject QUANTITY OF WATER
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject PERSONAL HYGIENE
dc.subject HEALTH BURDEN
dc.subject HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject ILLNESSES
dc.subject NATURAL GAS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject URBAN AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject WATER USE
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject WASTE DISPOSAL
dc.subject INDOOR AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject RURAL DRINKING WATER
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject INDOOR AIR
dc.subject AVERAGE DAILY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject MATERNAL HEALTH
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
dc.subject WELLS
dc.subject BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH RATE
dc.subject DIESEL
dc.subject RESPIRATORY ILLNESSES
dc.subject DRUGS
dc.subject HOSPITALIZATION
dc.subject AIR QUALITY
dc.subject OZONE
dc.subject PUBLIC WATER
dc.subject INTERVENTION
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject PIPED WATER
dc.subject POTABLE WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject MONITORING PROGRAM
dc.subject MARGINAL COST
dc.subject POLLUTANTS
dc.subject DOSE RESPONSE
dc.subject CHILD MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject MEDICAL TREATMENT
dc.subject POLLUTION IMPACTS
dc.subject PARTICULATE MATTER
dc.subject CLEAN FUEL
dc.subject HEALTH DAMAGES
dc.subject COAL
dc.subject ENERGY USE
dc.subject DEATHS
dc.subject RISK FACTORS
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject DRINKING WATER
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject AMBIENT AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject MORTALITY RATE FOR CHILDREN UNDER AGE
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
dc.subject HIGH CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject DISASTERS
dc.subject PARTICULATE POLLUTION
dc.subject OUTDOOR AIR QUALITY
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject LOCAL CAPACITY
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject HEALTH IMPACT
dc.subject PUBLIC AWARENESS
dc.subject RURAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
dc.subject HEALTHY LIFE
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
dc.subject RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject BASIC SANITATION
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION MEASURES
dc.subject POOR WATER QUALITY
dc.subject PREMATURE DEATH
dc.subject CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
dc.subject URBAN POLLUTION
dc.subject YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject HEALTH CONDITIONS
dc.subject WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject RISK OF ILLNESS
dc.subject HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject PREMATURE MORTALITY
dc.subject CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject PREMATURE DEATHS
dc.subject PARTICULATE AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject NUMBER OF NEW CASES
dc.subject POLLUTION
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject MEDICINES
dc.subject WASHING
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject PRIMARY CAREGIVERS
dc.subject HOSPITAL
dc.subject MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject EXERCISES
dc.subject DISABILITY
dc.subject HYGIENE
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICE
dc.subject SAFE DRINKING WATER
dc.subject ELDERLY
dc.subject RESPIRATORY ILLNESS
dc.subject CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject RESPIRATORY DISEASES
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.title Environmental Health in Nicaragua en
dc.type Report en
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.title.subtitle Key Environmental Challenges--Study 1


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