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The Social Impact of Social Funds in Jamaica : A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Participation, Targeting, and Collective Action in Community-Driven Development

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dc.contributor.author Rao, Vijayendra
dc.contributor.author Ibáñez, Ana María
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-31T19:14:45Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-31T19:14:45Z
dc.date.issued 2003-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/19146
dc.description.abstract The authors develop an evaluation method that combines qualitative evidence with quantitative survey data analyzed with propensity score methods on matched samples to study the impact of a participatory community-driven social fund on preference targeting, collective action, and community decision-making. The data come from a case study of five pairs of communities in Jamaica where one community in the pair has received funds from the Jamaica social investment fund (JSIF) while the other has not-but has been picked to match the funded community in its social and economic characteristics. The qualitative data reveal that the social fund process is elite-driven and decision-making tends to be dominated by a small group of motivated individuals. But by the end of the project there was broad-based satisfaction with the outcome. The quantitative data from 500 households mirror these findings by showing that ex-ante the social fund does not address the expressed needs of the majority of individuals in the majority of communities. By the end of the construction process, however, 80 percent of the community expressed satisfaction with the outcome. An analysis of the determinants of participation shows that better educated and better networked individuals dominate the process. Propensity score analysis reveals that the JSIF has had a causal impact on improvements in trust and the capacity for collective action, but these gains are greater for elites within the community. Both JSIF and non-JSIF communities are more likely now to make decisions that affect their lives which indicates a broad-based effort to promote participatory development in the country, but JSIF communities do not show higher levels of community-driven decisions than non-JSIF communities. The authors shed light on the complex ways in which community-driven development works inside communities-a process that is deeply imbedded within Jamaica's sociocultural and political context. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 2970
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
dc.subject KEY ACTORS
dc.subject COMMUNITY CONSULTATION
dc.subject COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION
dc.subject SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject LEADERSHIP
dc.subject CAUSAL IMPACT
dc.subject CONFLICT
dc.subject COMMUNITY SUPPORT
dc.subject DATA COLLECTION
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject FOCUS GROUP
dc.subject COMMUNITIES
dc.subject METHODOLOGY
dc.subject PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISALS
dc.subject PUBLIC GOOD
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject CITIZENS
dc.subject FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject FOCUS GROUPS
dc.subject COMMUNITY LEVEL
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject POLITICIANS
dc.subject COLLECTIVE ACTION
dc.subject BASIC SERVICES
dc.subject ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject IDEAS
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject SOCIETY
dc.subject BENEFICIARY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject TELEVISION
dc.subject COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
dc.subject NETWORKING ACCESS INITIATIVES
dc.subject COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject COMMUNITY-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject AUTHORITY
dc.subject LOCAL COMMUNITY
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject BROAD CONSULTATION
dc.subject COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES
dc.subject CONSULTATION
dc.subject COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CASE STUDIES
dc.subject SOCIAL FUNDS
dc.subject RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject COMMUNITY GROUPS
dc.subject COMMUNITY DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject PRIME MINISTER
dc.subject SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject SOCIAL IMPACT
dc.subject POLITICAL PARTIES
dc.subject SOCIAL COHESION
dc.subject COMMUNITY LEADERS
dc.subject FIELD VISITS
dc.subject BENEFICIARY ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject COMMUNITY STRUCTURES
dc.subject COMMUNITY CENTERS
dc.subject POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject COMMUNITY LIFE
dc.subject ANTHROPOLOGISTS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
dc.title The Social Impact of Social Funds in Jamaica : A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Participation, Targeting, and Collective Action in Community-Driven Development en


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