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Volatility and Inequality as Constraints to Shared Prosperity : Paraguay Equity Assessment

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dc.contributor.author World Bank Group
dc.contributor.other Lopez-Calva, Luis Felipe
dc.contributor.other Lugo, Maria Ana
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-21T17:44:43Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-21T17:44:43Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18945
dc.description.abstract Isolated by nature, and recovering from a period of historically low growth during the eighties and nineties, Paraguay faced many economic and social challenges at the beginning of the twenty first century. By year 2000, Paraguay GDP per capita was only 50 percent of the Latin American average and 34 percent of its MERCOSUR partners. High poverty and inequality were an inherent characteristic of the country. Yet, between 2003 and 2013, Paraguay has performed substantially well, seeing a reduction in moderate and extreme (monetary) poverty. This is essentially the result of a period of average significant growth combined with a reduction in inequality. This report explores the factors associated to the observed improvements in welfare and inequality, and investigates the challenges facing their sustainability, given the historical structural problems of Paraguay to maintain growth and improve social indicators. The underlying question is indeed whether the growth model and reduction in inequality are consistent with a positive social dynamics, taking a comprehensive definition of equity, which includes sustainable elimination of absolute poverty, enhancing equality of opportunity and strengthening agency for all groups. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject INEQUALITY REDUCTION
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject WAGE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL WAGE
dc.subject CHANGES IN POVERTY
dc.subject SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject INCOME VOLATILITY
dc.subject CENTRAL BANK
dc.subject DROUGHT
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY LINE
dc.subject FOOD REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject POVERTY RATES
dc.subject ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
dc.subject RURAL LABOR
dc.subject INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject INDICATORS OF POVERTY
dc.subject REDUCTION IN POVERTY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject PAYROLL TAXES
dc.subject SMALL BUSINESS
dc.subject SCHOOLING
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY LINES
dc.subject BASIC FOOD REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT INCOME
dc.subject INCOME GAINS
dc.subject CHRONIC POVERTY
dc.subject HOUSING
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINE
dc.subject LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS
dc.subject ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject REGIONAL AVERAGE
dc.subject POVERTY RATE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject DIRECT TRANSFERS
dc.subject INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject DISPOSABLE INCOME
dc.subject HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject RURAL INEQUALITY
dc.subject WAGE EARNERS
dc.subject POVERTY ESTIMATES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL INPUTS
dc.subject PRIVATE TRANSFERS
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT FOR WOMEN
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject TAX REVENUES
dc.subject FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject FOOD PRICES
dc.subject ABSOLUTE POVERTY
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
dc.subject RURAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE
dc.subject RURAL FAMILIES
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject ECONOMIC PROGRESS
dc.subject WELFARE MEASURE
dc.subject REDUCTION OF POVERTY
dc.subject SMALL FARMS
dc.subject PRICE FLUCTUATIONS
dc.subject RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject BUDGET CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject NATIONAL OUTPUT
dc.subject FOOD PRICE
dc.subject TARGETING
dc.subject CONSUMERS
dc.subject ELASTICITY
dc.subject CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
dc.subject RURAL SECTOR
dc.subject POOR
dc.subject POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
dc.subject TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject PROPERTY TAXES
dc.subject RURAL
dc.subject WAGE PREMIUM
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
dc.subject POOR INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject FOOD BASKET
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
dc.subject POOR LIVING
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject INCOME FLUCTUATIONS
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject STRUCTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject IRRIGATION
dc.subject TAXATION
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEADS
dc.subject POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject IMPACT ON POVERTY
dc.subject FOOD ITEMS
dc.subject BASIC FOOD BASKET
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT IN AGRICULTURE
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject RURAL POOR
dc.subject FOOD SERVICES
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject CHRONICALLY POOR
dc.subject MEAT
dc.subject RUNNING WATER
dc.subject TOTAL POVERTY
dc.subject FISCAL POLICY
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject DIVERSIFICATION
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject ACCESS TO GOODS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject DECLINE IN POVERTY
dc.subject RURAL AREA
dc.subject ACCESS TO MARKETS
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject FAMILY FARMS
dc.title Volatility and Inequality as Constraints to Shared Prosperity : Paraguay Equity Assessment en


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