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Child Labor and School Achievement in Latin America

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dc.contributor.author Orazem, Peter F.
dc.contributor.author Gunnarsson, Victoria
dc.contributor.author Sanchez, Mario A.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-01-02T21:00:50Z
dc.date.available 2014-01-02T21:00:50Z
dc.date.issued 2006-01
dc.identifier.citation World Bank Economic Review
dc.identifier.other doi:10.1093/wber/lhj003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16463
dc.description.abstract Child labors effect on academic achievement is estimated using unique data on third and fourth graders in nine Latin American countries. Cross country variation in truancy regulations provides an exogenous shift in the ages of children normally in these grades, providing exogenous variation in the opportunity cost of children's time. Least squares estimates suggest that child labor lowers test scores, but those estimates are biased toward zero. Corrected estimates are still negative and statistically significant. Children working 1 standard deviation above the mean have average scores that are 16 percent lower on mathematics examinations and 11 percent lower on language examinations, consistent with the estimates of the adverse impact of child labor on returns to schooling. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/igo
dc.subject SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject LITERACY
dc.subject CLASSROOM
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject COMPULSORY SCHOOLING
dc.subject POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject INSTRUCTION
dc.subject COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
dc.subject ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject GIRLS
dc.subject LABOR LAWS
dc.subject CHILDREN IN SCHOOLS
dc.subject QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject YOUNGER CHILDREN
dc.subject ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject TEACHER TRAINING
dc.subject LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject WORKING HOURS
dc.subject LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject CHILD LABOR LAWS
dc.subject READING
dc.subject FAMILY LABOR
dc.subject PRIMARY ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject SCHOOLING
dc.subject LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject ENROLLMENT
dc.subject OLDER CHILDREN
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject LABORERS
dc.subject TEXTBOOKS
dc.subject LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject MARKET WAGES
dc.subject RURAL GIRLS
dc.subject AVAILABILITY OF BOOKS
dc.subject ENROLLMENT BY AGE
dc.subject LEARNING
dc.subject LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject CHILD LABOR
dc.subject ECONOMICS
dc.subject SMALL SCHOOLS
dc.subject CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subject CURRICULUM
dc.subject SCHOOLS
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject SCHOOL TIME
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject LEGAL GUARDIANS
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject NUMERACY
dc.subject COGNITIVE SKILLS
dc.subject PARENTS
dc.subject RURAL CHILDREN
dc.subject MARKET WAGE
dc.subject PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject SCHOOL PRINCIPALS
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL POLICIES
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject WORKING CHILDREN
dc.subject PRIMARY ENROLLMENT
dc.subject PARTICIPATION RATES
dc.subject CHILD LABOUR
dc.subject TEACHERS
dc.subject COGNITIVE ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject MATHEMATICS
dc.subject BASIC SKILLS
dc.title Child Labor and School Achievement in Latin America en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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