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Social Spending, Distribution, and Equality of Opportunities : Opportunity Incidence Analysis

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dc.contributor.author Cuesta, Jose
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-26T14:46:30Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-26T14:46:30Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15848
dc.description.abstract Existing evidence forms a body of "conventional wisdom" on the redistributive impact of fiscal policies that has been recently questioned by more disaggregated analyses. This paper proposes an additional extension to the traditional benefit incidence analysis to explore further the extent to which the conventional wisdom holds, as well as to provide effective guidance in fiscal decision making. The benefit incidence analysis extension includes linking fiscal policies with the concept of equality of opportunities. The paper describes this approach and showcases the application of the proposed "opportunity incidence analysis" to six pilot countries: Liberia, Cote d Ivoire, Zambia, Tajikistan, Thailand, and Paraguay. Three main contributions stand out: first, opportunity incidence analysis complements traditional benefit incidence analysis by applying its mechanics to a more forward looking concept of equal opportunity. Second, opportunities can be used to target public spending with higher precision. Third, micro-simulations can be used to understand the cost-effectiveness of alternative spending interventions that seek to improve equality of opportunities. All of these results complement the diagnosis produced by traditional incidence analysis and provide useful information to guide specific policy decisions. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 6489
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject HOSPITALS
dc.subject PROVINCIAL LEVEL
dc.subject REDISTRIBUTIVE IMPACT
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject EXPENDITURE POLICIES
dc.subject INEQUALITIES
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION SPENDING
dc.subject EDUCATION SPENDING
dc.subject LACK OF ACCESS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject VOUCHER
dc.subject PUBLIC INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject FISCAL DATA
dc.subject EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS
dc.subject NET SPENDING
dc.subject EDUCATION LEVELS
dc.subject PRIVATE SPENDING
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject REVENUE COLLECTION
dc.subject SUBNATIONAL
dc.subject EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject ILLNESS
dc.subject FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject HOSPITAL CARE
dc.subject MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH CARE
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject BASIC SERVICES
dc.subject INTEREST RATE CONTROLS
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND
dc.subject FISCAL DECISIONS
dc.subject HEALTH CARE SPENDING
dc.subject DEMAND FOR EDUCATION SERVICES
dc.subject TAX
dc.subject EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject PROVINCES
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject SCHOOL FEES
dc.subject PHARMACIES
dc.subject ENROLLMENT
dc.subject SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject WELFARE STATES
dc.subject RATES OF RETURN
dc.subject SEXUAL PRACTICES
dc.subject SANITATION SERVICES
dc.subject DEPOSITS
dc.subject POLICY ALTERNATIVES
dc.subject VULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subject POLICY DECISIONS
dc.subject FISCAL IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject DATA QUALITY
dc.subject PROVISION OF HEALTH CARE
dc.subject BUDGETARY ALLOCATION
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject FISCAL COST
dc.subject ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject HEALTH OUTCOME
dc.subject INCOME GROUP
dc.subject PUBLIC SUBSIDIES
dc.subject ELIGIBLE CHILDREN
dc.subject EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject HEALTH MINISTRY
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject REDISTRIBUTIVE EFFECTS
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject EXPENDITURE CATEGORY
dc.subject INCIDENCE ANALYSES
dc.subject EDUCATION POLICIES
dc.subject NET BENEFIT
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject HEALTH PROVIDERS
dc.subject COMPTROLLER GENERAL
dc.subject FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject DIAGNOSTIC TOOL
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS
dc.subject QUALITY SERVICE
dc.subject FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICIES
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject INTERVENTION
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING LEVELS
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject PRIVATE PROVIDERS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject CITIES
dc.subject EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject BENEFIT INCIDENCE
dc.subject EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject PROVINCE
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject FINANCIAL REPRESSION
dc.subject BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject AFFORDABLE ACCESS
dc.subject TAX SYSTEMS
dc.subject TOTAL PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject microsimulations
dc.subject HEALTH CENTERS
dc.subject EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject COMMUNITY SCHOOLS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject PUBLIC PROVISION
dc.subject ETHNIC GROUP
dc.subject DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject POLICY DECISION
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject BASIC HEALTH CARE
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
dc.subject CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject PUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject DEMAND FOR HEALTH CARE
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION OF WELFARE
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS
dc.subject HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
dc.subject MINISTRY OF FINANCE
dc.subject TAX INCIDENCE
dc.subject POLICY INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject EVALUATION TECHNIQUES
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject EXCLUSION
dc.subject TAXATION
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES ON HEALTH
dc.subject WELFARE LEVEL
dc.subject COST-EFFECTIVENESS
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject NATIONAL PLANNING
dc.subject LOCAL TAXES
dc.subject EARNINGS
dc.subject UNIVERSAL ACCESS
dc.subject EXPENDITURE
dc.subject FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject PEOPLES
dc.subject NET BENEFITS
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject EQUALITY
dc.subject PROBABILITY
dc.subject SINGLE PARENT
dc.subject TAX BURDENS
dc.subject EQUAL ACCESS
dc.subject BANK DEPOSITS
dc.subject EDUCATION SERVICES
dc.subject targeting
dc.subject FARMERS
dc.subject BENEFIT INCIDENCE ANALYSIS
dc.subject FISCAL POLICY
dc.subject FISCAL RESOURCES
dc.subject MEDICAL SERVICES
dc.subject HOSPITAL SERVICES
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject CASH TRANSFERS
dc.subject PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject PUBLIC RESOURCES
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC FINANCE
dc.subject POLICY PURPOSES
dc.subject INTEREST RATE
dc.subject HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject REDISTRIBUTION
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject BUDGETARY CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject DECENTRALIZATION
dc.title Social Spending, Distribution, and Equality of Opportunities : Opportunity Incidence Analysis en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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