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Brazil : Jobs Report, Volume 1. Policy Briefing

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-22T19:43:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-22T19:43:10Z
dc.date.issued 2002-12-20
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15292
dc.description.abstract This report, conducted jointly by researchers in Brazil and at the World Bank, aims to address the debate on how the Brazilian labor market functions. It does so not by focusing on labor market functioning but on its outcomes. What is central are labor market outcomes, such as adequate employment growth so that job-seekers can find gainful employment, acceptable worker productivity levels that are fairly compensated, and reasonable income security for workers and their households. This report is structured as follows: Chapter 1 argues that labor laws have begun to show signs of obsolescence. Chapter 2 shows this is reflected in deteriorating outcomes. Key indicators--employment growth, labor force participation, unemployment rates, and income security--all point to worsening labor market functioning since the mid-1990s. The report then examines how changed macroeconomic circumstances call for changes in labor market institutions, regulations, and interventions. Using a characterization of the economy in which informality has a central role, Chapter 3 illustrates the correspondence between the three main macroeconomic phenomena of the 1990s--greater openness, stabilization, and fiscal adjustment--and Brazil's labor market priorities. Chapter 4 concludes that the labor market has signaled the shortage of educated workers since the 1990s, and the onus is now on the education and training systems to respond. Analysis of how Brazil's labor market functions in Chapter 5 points to evidence that indicates that Brazil's poorer workers and smaller firms are especially disadvantaged by how the labor market functions. The report identifies three sets of priorities for reform: changes in mandated non-wage benefits and minimum wage setting to price labor correctly and encourage empoloyment growth (Chapter 6), changes in severance legislation and functioning of labor courts to better align incentives and increase productivity (Chapter 7), and improvements in interventions to increase income security for all workers (Chapter 8). Chapter 9 summarizes and highlights the main policy implications. Volume 2 contains in-depth examination of the issues of interest in Brazil and the relevant international experience, on which Chapters 1 through 8 of the first volume are based. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subject MACROECONOMICS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET SEGMENTATION
dc.subject INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject WORKERS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject INCENTIVES
dc.subject LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject LABOR TURNOVER
dc.subject SOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subject MANDATES
dc.subject DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject DEBT
dc.subject LABOR LAWS
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject LABOR POLICY
dc.subject LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject JOB CREATION
dc.subject LABOR COURTS
dc.subject DISMISSAL
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject LABOR LEGISLATION
dc.subject SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject PERVERSE INCENTIVES
dc.subject LABOR UNIONS
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject GOVERNMENT ROLE
dc.subject GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
dc.subject LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject FISCAL YEAR
dc.subject SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject ECONOMISTS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject FINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subject FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
dc.subject SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
dc.subject MARKET
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject LEGISLATION
dc.subject WORKERS RIGHTS
dc.subject STATE INTERVENTION
dc.subject TRADE UNIONS
dc.subject MARKET REFORMS
dc.subject MARKET INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject ECONOMIC IMPACT
dc.subject EFFICIENCY OF LABOR
dc.subject INFLATION
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject LABOR COSTS
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
dc.subject COMMODITIES
dc.subject LABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subject INSURANCE
dc.subject INCOME SECURITY
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT CREATION
dc.subject LABOR DISPUTES
dc.subject PENALTIES
dc.subject CONDITIONS OF WORK
dc.subject LAWS
dc.subject RECOMMENDATIONS
dc.title Brazil : Jobs Report, Volume 1. Policy Briefing en
dc.title.alternative Brazil - Empregos no Brasil - Sessao informativa sobre politica en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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