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HIV/AIDS in Latin American Countries : The Challenges Ahead

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dc.contributor.author Garcia Abreu, Anabela
dc.contributor.author Cowgill, Karen
dc.contributor.author Noguer, Isabel
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-14T19:00:54Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-14T19:00:54Z
dc.date.issued 2003
dc.identifier.isbn 0-8213-5364-0
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15070
dc.description.abstract HIV/AIDS in Latin America falls within the framework of a low endemic setting. In the majority of the countries, the epidemic is still concentrated in high-risk populations: men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDUs), commercial sex workers (CSWs), prisoners, and people with sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The exceptions are Honduras and southeastern Brazil, where the epidemic has reached the general population. Heterosexual sex is the primary mode of transmission in Central America, with sex between men predominating in South America, and injecting drug use playing a significant role in the Southern Cone. Survey respondents also identified other populations with increased vulnerability in which interventions would be crucial-young people and women. Although the number of men living with AIDS outweighs the number of women in all countries, the gender gap is closing, and in some countries, the effect of AIDS on rural communities is increasing rapidly. In low endemic settings, the main priority is the highest risk groups, and activities to address HIV/AIDS should be focused on (1) strengthening efforts to prevent new infections in these populations, and (2) providing care and support strategies, which in turn create incentives for early detection of infection and/or risky behavior. Epidemiological surveillance plays a key role in the control of the epidemic through the measurement of frequency, distribution, and evolution of HIV/AIDS among populations; identification of high-risk groups; and evaluation of the effectiveness of prevention efforts. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries Health, Nutrition, and Population;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject HOSPITALS
dc.subject EPIDEMIC DISEASES
dc.subject HIV INFECTION
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject COMMERCIAL SEX WORKER
dc.subject SEX WORKERS
dc.subject HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject PREVENTION OF MOTHER
dc.subject PHYSICIANS
dc.subject STIS
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject EPIDEMICS
dc.subject HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
dc.subject HIV
dc.subject SOCIAL MOBILIZATION
dc.subject SAFETY
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject COMMERCIAL SEX
dc.subject VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject DRUG USERS
dc.subject HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject MASS MEDIA
dc.subject HETEROSEXUAL SEX
dc.subject AIDS DISEASE
dc.subject POLITICAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject SURVEILLANCE ACTIVITIES
dc.subject FIRST INTERCOURSE
dc.subject BLOOD SAFETY
dc.subject AIDS INCIDENCE
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject HIV INFECTIONS
dc.subject EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS
dc.subject AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject HIGH-RISK GROUPS
dc.subject RISK POPULATIONS
dc.subject SOCIAL & BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH
dc.subject ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject INJECTING DRUG USERS
dc.subject NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject BIOLOGICAL MARKERS
dc.subject HIGH-RISK POPULATIONS
dc.subject HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
dc.subject RESPONSE TO AIDS
dc.subject REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject PATIENTS PER MONTH
dc.subject HIGH-RISK
dc.subject IMMUNE SYSTEM
dc.subject NURSES
dc.subject SEX WITH MEN
dc.subject HIGH RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject INJECTING DRUG USE
dc.subject PREVENTION EFFORTS
dc.subject COMMUNITY HEALTH
dc.subject ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject HIV TRANSMISSION
dc.subject COMMERCIAL SEX WORKERS
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject MALNUTRITION
dc.subject CASES OF AIDS
dc.subject SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
dc.subject HIV TESTING
dc.subject PATIENTS
dc.subject YOUNG PEOPLE HIV AIDS INFECTIONS
dc.subject TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject NGOS
dc.subject LABORATORIES
dc.subject UNAIDS
dc.subject HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject AIDS CARE
dc.subject TRANSMISSION
dc.subject STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTION
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject IMMUNITY
dc.subject ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
dc.subject BLOOD DONORS
dc.subject PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject CONDOMS
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject INTEGRATION
dc.subject BLOOD SUPPLY
dc.subject MATERNAL HEALTH
dc.subject MOTHER-TO-CHILD
dc.subject HIV PREVENTION
dc.subject EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES ACCESS
dc.subject RISK GROUPS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject WORK ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject IMMUNODEFICIENCY
dc.subject EARLY DETECTION
dc.subject HEALTH
dc.subject SEXUAL BEHAVIORS
dc.subject INSURANCE
dc.subject MODE OF TRANSMISSION
dc.subject PREVENTIVE HIV AIDS VACCINES
dc.subject NATIONAL CAPACITIES
dc.subject SOCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject RISK BEHAVIORS
dc.subject RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject SEXUAL ORIENTATION
dc.subject SEXUAL EDUCATION
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject PRISONS
dc.subject GOVERNANCE CAPACITY
dc.subject HOMOSEXUALITY
dc.subject VIRAL LOAD
dc.subject VIOLENCE
dc.title HIV/AIDS in Latin American Countries : The Challenges Ahead en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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