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Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-08T14:37:05Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-08T14:37:05Z
dc.date.issued 2004
dc.identifier.isbn 0-8213-5880-4
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14913
dc.description.abstract This study addresses three questions : why do inequalities matter for Brazil's development? Why does Brazil occupy a position of very high inequality in the international community? And, What should public policy do about it? Excessive income inequality is unfair, and undesirable on ethical grounds, and can bring adverse effects on economic growth, health outcomes, social cohesion, and crime. Brazil's excessive income inequality is associated to regressive public transfers, less equitable distribution of education, and higher wage differentials. It is thus suggested that Brazil's strategy to fight inequality should focus on four areas that are good for reducing inequality, good for reducing poverty, and good for increasing efficiency, competitiveness, and growth: raising the level, and reducing the inequities of educational attainment, reducing the wage skill premium of post-secondary education, reallocating public expenditure away from excessive, and regressive transfers, and taking advantage of the opportunity to implement an indirect tax reform, that can reduce the inequity of indirect taxation. Despite the absence of explicit tradeoffs between equity, and efficiency, these policies do not benefit everyone, and they do involve inevitable political choices. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries World Bank Country Study;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject INEQUALITY REDUCTION
dc.subject ENTITLEMENTS
dc.subject SIMULATIONS
dc.subject LABOR INCOME
dc.subject TIME SERIES
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject TARGETING
dc.subject ELASTICITY
dc.subject REGRESSIVE TRANSFERS
dc.subject TAX REVENUE
dc.subject POOR
dc.subject INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject LORENZ CURVE
dc.subject LSMS
dc.subject TAX REFORM
dc.subject WELFARE EFFECTS
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
dc.subject OLD AGE
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject HEADCOUNT INDEX
dc.subject DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject WAGE INEQUALITY
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject IMPLICIT SUBSIDIES
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject PROGRAMS
dc.subject SOCIAL SPENDING
dc.subject CREDIT PROGRAMS
dc.subject TAXATION
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject AGRICULTURE
dc.subject INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject AVERAGE INCOME
dc.subject ECONOMISTS
dc.subject INTERGENERATIONAL EQUITY
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject GDP
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject FOOD POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject INEQUALITY MEASURES
dc.subject TAX REFORMS
dc.subject PROGRAM DESIGNS
dc.subject PENSIONS
dc.subject TRADEOFFS
dc.subject VALUE ADDED
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject ELASTICITY OF SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject TAX RATES
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.title Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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