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Poverty in Mexico : An Assessment of Conditions, Trends, and Government Strategy

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-07-25T15:38:00Z
dc.date.available 2013-07-25T15:38:00Z
dc.date.issued 2004-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14586
dc.description.abstract This report presents the results of an assessment of poverty conditions in Mexico, and the Government strategies to reduce poverty. It constitutes the first phase of a longer-term work program on poverty reduction in Mexico, that the Bank is undertaking, in collaboration with the Government during the period 2003-2006. The current situation in the country is mixed, with respect to poverty. In terms of well-being, Mexico has experienced major progress in some dimensions - notably related to basic service access - but much weaker progress on others - notably on the income of the poor. Despite the gains between 1996 and 2002,and in particular, for the extreme poor, poverty remains widespread, and is only slightly below the levels prevailing before the 1994195 crisis. The report relates to government strategy, and its strengths. The CONTIGO framework is excellent as a conceptual framework, especially in its attempt to integrate the multiple dimensions of well-being, and public action into a life-cycle approach. There are notable successes in specific programs -with "Oportunidades" (i.e., "Opportunities") unusual in its combination of highly effective targeting, and broad reach amongst the extreme poor. The emphasis on evaluation is commendable, while the recent introduction of the Ley de Desarrollo Social (Social Development Law) is a potentially valuable attempt to institutionalize the social development strategy, and in particular, provide more continuity across government administrations. But challenges still remain. The quality of services is a major issue in many sectors, for although social policies for the extreme poor are well developed, policies for their income growth are not. There is a broader pending agenda for the moderate poor, especially with respect to improving the productivity of the self-employed, and informal enterprises. Most of the extreme and moderate poor fall outside the formal social protection system, and face significant risks, i.e., health, unemployment or lack of income in old age. And there are a wide range of institutional issues to be tackled - from strengthening accountability, especially under decentralized structures, to social incorporation of excluded groups - as well as linking of rigorous evaluation to results-based management. Section A of the report discusses poverty conditions, Section B reviews government strategy, and, Section C provides brief concluding comments on public action, and future analysis. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject STRUCTURAL REFORMS
dc.subject EXCLUDED GROUPS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD DURABLES
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject WORKERS
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject POVERTY DEPTH
dc.subject ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject TARGETING
dc.subject POVERTY COMPARISONS
dc.subject MANUFACTURING SECTOR
dc.subject POVERTY ANALYSIS
dc.subject POVERTY TRENDS
dc.subject POOR
dc.subject POVERTY LINES
dc.subject SELF EMPLOYED WORKERS
dc.subject MEAN INCOME
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject POVERTY GAP
dc.subject PUBLIC TRANSFERS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject DRINKING WATER
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject BASIC SERVICES
dc.subject PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject OLD AGE
dc.subject POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject POVERTY MEASUREMENT
dc.subject COUNTRY CONDITIONS
dc.subject SOCIAL GROUPS
dc.subject ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject SOCIAL PROGRAMS
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVELS
dc.subject INCOME LEVEL
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject SOCIAL SPENDING
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
dc.subject YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject VULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subject CLINICS
dc.subject HOUSING
dc.subject HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject FORESTRY
dc.subject RESOURCE USE
dc.subject ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject SCHOOLS
dc.subject LABOR FORCE SURVEY
dc.subject SOCIAL VARIABLES
dc.subject ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject PUBLIC ACTION
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject POVERTY CHANGES
dc.subject FARM INCOME
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject REAL WAGES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject INDIGENOUS GROUPS
dc.subject SOCIAL POLICY
dc.subject WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject HEALTH STATUS
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONTEXT
dc.subject TAX REVENUES
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT
dc.subject POVERTY ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject ABSOLUTE POVERTY
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject SOCIAL CONTEXT
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject SAMPLE SIZE
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject POVERTY LINE
dc.subject RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject TARGETED ASSISTANCE
dc.subject HEALTH PROGRAMS
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject SOCIAL STATUS
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICE
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS
dc.subject SOCIAL INDICATORS
dc.subject PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.title Poverty in Mexico : An Assessment of Conditions, Trends, and Government Strategy en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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