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Poverty in the Brazilian Amazon: An Assessment of Poverty Focused on the State of Para

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dc.contributor.author Verner, Dorte
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-25T14:31:39Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-25T14:31:39Z
dc.date.issued 2004-07
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14164
dc.description.abstract The states in the Brazilian Amazon have made progress in reducing poverty and improving social indicators in the last decade. Despite this progress, the poverty rate in the Amazon is among the highest in Brazil. As of 2000, rural poverty is the greatest challenge. In Par?, not only is the headcount poverty rate of 58.4 percent in rural areas more than 55 percent higher than headcount poverty in urban areas, but also poverty is much deeper in rural areas. The fall in infant mortality and adult illiteracy corroborate the improvement in measured income poverty. Census data from 2000 and 1991 reveal that more people left Par? than came to live in the state during the 1970s, the opposite of the 1980s. In 2000, the Gini coefficient for Par?, as in the Amazon as a whole, was 0.60. The poverty profile reveals that indigenous peoples experience a higher poverty incidence than other groups. Census 2000 data reveal that living in rural areas in Par? does not by itself affect the probability of being poor. Individual and household characteristics are more important than geographical location. The largest statistical differences in poverty reduction between rural and urban areas are found in the effect of education, sector of employment, gender, and family size. PNAD data from 2001 reveal that living in urban areas in Par? does not by itself affect the probability of falling below the poverty line in urban areas in Brazil. The strongest poverty correlates are education, experience, race, rural location, gender, and labor market association. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, D.C.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No.3357
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject LOGGING
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject AVAILABLE DATA
dc.subject ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject FISHING
dc.subject SAFETY
dc.subject METHODOLOGY
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCING
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject POVERTY TRENDS
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION
dc.subject MEAN INCOME
dc.subject POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject POVERTY PROFILE
dc.subject POVERTY GAP
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE POVERTY
dc.subject IMPROVED HEALTH
dc.subject POVERTY RATES
dc.subject CLEAN WATER
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject AGED
dc.subject INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject NATIONAL POPULATION
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject SOCIAL INCLUSION
dc.subject URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject CENSUS DATA
dc.subject TIMBER
dc.subject DEMOGRAPHICS
dc.subject FOOD BASKET
dc.subject EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject FAMILIES
dc.subject HIGH INFLATION
dc.subject LONG RUN
dc.subject TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject HEADCOUNT POVERTY
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject IRON
dc.subject SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject SIGNIFICANT EFFECT
dc.subject STREAMS
dc.subject SAFETY NETS
dc.subject MONETARY POLICIES
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject INFANTS
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject POLICY REFORMS
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
dc.subject LAND REFORM
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject REDUCED POVERTY
dc.subject VULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subject SOCIAL EXCLUSION
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject HOUSING
dc.subject MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject MULTIVARIATE ANALYSES
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject POVERTY RATE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject NATIONAL AVERAGE
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject DEFORESTATION
dc.subject FISH
dc.subject HEALTH CARE
dc.subject ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject MIGRANTS
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ABSOLUTE VALUE
dc.subject INTEREST RATES
dc.subject INDIGENOUS GROUPS
dc.subject DEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subject ANNUAL RATE
dc.subject POVERTY INDICATORS
dc.subject INCOME DATA
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
dc.subject PUBLIC PROGRAMS
dc.subject POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
dc.subject SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject COMMODITIES
dc.subject SQUARED POVERTY GAP
dc.subject QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject MEDICINES
dc.subject HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject POVERTY LINE
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject ILLITERACY
dc.subject FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD ASSETS
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ANALYTICAL WORK
dc.subject SOCIAL INDICATORS
dc.subject IMPORTS
dc.subject MICRO DATA
dc.subject PUBLIC UTILITIES
dc.subject INCREASED ACCESS
dc.title Poverty in the Brazilian Amazon: An Assessment of Poverty Focused on the State of Para en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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