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Higher Education in Brazil : Challenges and Options

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-20T18:50:18Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-20T18:50:18Z
dc.date.issued 2002-03
dc.identifier.isbn 0-8213-5091-9
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14076
dc.description.abstract Brazil has put significant resources into developing its higher education system over the past three decades. As a result, a system has evolved in which some institutions have achieved recognizable excellence in teaching and research, while, more generally, the majority of institutions have struggled to provide relevant, quality education at reasonable cost. As a whole, the system has a number of large challenges to overcome. Brazil has a low enrolment rate in higher education. Rigidities in funding and regulation create strong disincentives for cost-efficiency or quality. The quality of instruction and the relevance of the curriculum are below desirable standards. The Government of Brazil has a three-pronged strategy for improving higher education: a) to change the legal framework for the sector; b) to change to a performance-based funding system that supports the Ministerio da Educacao e do Esporto's (MEC) policy goals of improved access, quality, and efficiency; and c) to improve capacity for evaluating quality of instruction and performance of institutions. The challenge is to focus attention on those changes that will promote the greatest progress in equitable access, quality, relevance, and efficiency. Finally, the report recommends ways to improve access, quality, and efficiency. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries A World Bank Country Study;
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject TUITION
dc.subject LITERACY
dc.subject ACCREDITATION
dc.subject ADDITION
dc.subject EDUCATION STATISTICS
dc.subject INSTRUCTION
dc.subject PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject COUNTRY STUDIES
dc.subject PRIVATE UNIVERSITY
dc.subject EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject EQUITABLE ACCESS
dc.subject FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject ENGINEERING
dc.subject BLOCK GRANTS
dc.subject DEGREES
dc.subject STUDENT LOANS
dc.subject CURRICULA
dc.subject LABOR FORCE
dc.subject ACCESS TO TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject HIGH ENROLLMENT
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOL GRADUATES
dc.subject EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject ENROLLMENT
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject INTERDISCIPLINARY EDUCATION
dc.subject LIBRARIES
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject LOCAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject LABOR MARKET
dc.subject EXTERNAL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject PAPERS
dc.subject EDUCATION OFFICIALS
dc.subject STUDENT AID
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL POLICY
dc.subject EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject CAREER
dc.subject CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CONSULTATIVE PROCESS
dc.subject GEOGRAPHY
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION REFORM
dc.subject EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject LEARNING
dc.subject AGE COHORT
dc.subject ADULT LITERACY
dc.subject PUBLIC FUNDS
dc.subject IMPROVING ACCESS
dc.subject POSITIVE IMPACT
dc.subject QUALITY EDUCATION
dc.subject CURRICULUM
dc.subject TERTIARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject TEACHING
dc.subject PUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject SUBJECT AREAS
dc.subject PUBLIC FUNDING
dc.subject PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject GROSS ENROLLMENT
dc.subject EDUCATION INDICATORS
dc.subject BACKGROUND PAPERS
dc.subject SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
dc.subject UNIVERSITY RECTORS
dc.subject UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION COSTS
dc.subject ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject STATE UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject CAREER ADVANCEMENT
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION ENROLLMENT
dc.subject PRINTING
dc.subject PROFESSORS
dc.subject OVERALL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject DIPLOMAS
dc.subject QUALITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.title Higher Education in Brazil : Challenges and Options en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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