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Mexico : Water Public Expenditure Review

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-18T20:46:29Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-18T20:46:29Z
dc.date.issued 2006-09-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13208
dc.description.abstract Mexico has critical and urgent water related problems including the overexploitation and contamination of surface water and groundwater resources in the regions where most of the people reside and where the great majority of the Gross Domestic Product, or GDP is generated. Groundwater overexploitation is perhaps the most serious water resources management issue. About 100 aquifers in the central and northern part of the country are being overexploited, with water tables dropping 1 to 4 meters per year. In some areas, essentially all sectors depend on groundwater, and the unsustainable water use regimen will constrain economic development and have serious social impacts. The poor often suffer the most, because they are less able to deal with the added costs associated with falling water tables and water pollution. Water issues are both very complex and very important in Mexico, because they sit at the conjunction of economic development, public finance, infrastructure investment, environmental sustainability, and social justice. They are linked to public finance in three ways, raising resources, providing resources for investment and operations, and setting fees that affect the incentives for using water. The decisions about water investment have a lasting physical impact on what happens with water, as well as major social impacts. The scarcity of water in many parts of the country means that sometimes more water for one sector results in less water (and a different development path) in another sector and for the environment. The national patrimony relating to the ecosystem and groundwater often ends up last in line, as everyone generally agrees on their importance but objects to having his allocation of water or fiscal subsidy be reduced or to paying for wastewater treatment. Finally, making water and water services available equitably to households is a key element in the social justice to which Mexicans aspire. The report aims to integrate the views of the water sector through these different lenses, and to suggest how to improve the management of the sector and thus to make decisions more coherent. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject GROUNDWATER DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject EFFICIENT WATER USE
dc.subject SURFACE RUNOFF
dc.subject WATER SECTOR REFORM
dc.subject WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
dc.subject AVERAGE ANNUAL PRECIPITATION
dc.subject UTILITIES
dc.subject WATER NEEDS
dc.subject URBAN WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT
dc.subject WATER BODIES
dc.subject WATER CONSERVATION
dc.subject WATER USERS
dc.subject DROUGHT
dc.subject PROVISION OF WATER
dc.subject WATER SUPPLIES
dc.subject DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
dc.subject WATER USES
dc.subject COLLECTION EFFICIENCY
dc.subject MINERALS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WATER
dc.subject WATER AGENCIES
dc.subject WATER FEES
dc.subject INVESTMENT COSTS
dc.subject OVERSIGHT ROLE
dc.subject GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject PERFORMANCE OF SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject WATER TARIFF
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS
dc.subject WATER RIGHTS
dc.subject WATER ALLOCATIONS
dc.subject QUALITY WATER
dc.subject IRRIGATION WATER
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL USERS
dc.subject EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
dc.subject PUBLIC WATER RIGHTS REGISTRY
dc.subject PRICE DISTORTIONS
dc.subject RAINFALL
dc.subject RESERVOIRS
dc.subject COST OF WATER
dc.subject SANITATION SERVICE
dc.subject SEWAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject PROGRAMS
dc.subject WATER SERVICES
dc.subject SANITATION SERVICES
dc.subject WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject COST SHARING
dc.subject ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject CHANNEL
dc.subject MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL WATER
dc.subject LOCAL WATER
dc.subject SPRINGS
dc.subject WATER QUANTITY
dc.subject SURFACE WATER QUALITY
dc.subject FRESH WATER
dc.subject IRRIGATION DISTRICT
dc.subject COST RECOVERY
dc.subject WATER SCARCITY PROBLEMS
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject SALT WATER
dc.subject COASTAL AREAS
dc.subject WATER DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject SOLID WASTE
dc.subject SANITATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject WATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject WATER SYSTEM
dc.subject WATER COMMISSIONS
dc.subject DRINKING WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject RIVER BASIN
dc.subject ALLOCATION OF WATER
dc.subject URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject WATER USE
dc.subject SURFACE WATERS
dc.subject WATER MARKETS
dc.subject WATER PRICING
dc.subject SUBSIDENCE
dc.subject GROUNDWATER ABSTRACTION
dc.subject WETLANDS
dc.subject WELLS
dc.subject SCARCE WATER
dc.subject GROUNDWATER RESOURCES
dc.subject LOCALITIES
dc.subject SURFACE WATER
dc.subject COVERING
dc.subject WASTEWATER TREATMENT
dc.subject WATER EXTRACTION
dc.subject SCARCE WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject RIVERS
dc.subject URBAN WATER
dc.subject PUBLIC WATER
dc.subject GROUNDWATER
dc.subject AGRICULTURE WATER
dc.subject PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject WELL DRILLING
dc.subject FRESHWATER
dc.subject DOMESTIC USE
dc.subject MUNICIPALITIES
dc.subject MUNICIPAL DEPARTMENT
dc.subject MUNICIPAL USE
dc.subject WATER SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject WATER POLICY
dc.subject LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS
dc.subject WATER STRATEGY
dc.subject ADEQUATE WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject FLOODING
dc.subject WATER DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject WATER TARIFFS
dc.subject WATER CONTAMINATION
dc.subject AQUIFERS
dc.subject WATER LAW
dc.subject WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject WATER DEMAND
dc.subject GROUNDWATER SOURCES
dc.subject WATER AUTHORITY
dc.subject PRICE OF WATER
dc.subject WATER QUALITY PROBLEMS
dc.subject CULTIVATED AREA
dc.subject CONSUMPTIVE USES
dc.subject HIGH LEVELS
dc.subject WATER SHORTAGES
dc.subject LEAKAGE
dc.subject AQUIFER
dc.subject PUMPS
dc.subject TARIFF RATES
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES
dc.subject DRINKING WATER
dc.subject INVESTMENT SUBSIDIES
dc.subject CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject DEMAND FOR WATER
dc.subject ADEQUATE WATER
dc.subject WATER SERVICE
dc.subject DRAINAGE
dc.subject SURFACE WATER IRRIGATION
dc.subject WATER ALLOCATION
dc.subject WATER WITHDRAWALS
dc.subject FRESHWATER RESOURCES
dc.subject CANALS
dc.subject BULK WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER
dc.subject COLLECTION SYSTEM
dc.subject WATER SECTOR
dc.subject WATER CHARGES
dc.subject HIGH WATER
dc.subject REMOTE SENSING
dc.subject WATER STORAGE
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEMS
dc.subject GROUNDWATER RECHARGE
dc.subject WATER AVAILABILITY
dc.subject WATER USER
dc.subject WATER TABLES
dc.subject WATER SCARCITY
dc.subject GROUNDWATER PUMPING
dc.subject MEASUREMENTS
dc.subject WATER QUALITY INDEX
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
dc.subject WATER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject TOWNS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL WATER COMPANIES
dc.subject NATIONAL WATER PLAN
dc.subject SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject WASTEWATER COLLECTION
dc.subject GRAZING
dc.subject VALUABLE INFORMATION
dc.subject WATER UTILITIES
dc.subject MANAGEMENT OF WATER
dc.subject INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject AVAILABILITY OF WATER
dc.subject IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject EFFLUENTS
dc.subject NATURAL RECHARGE
dc.subject SECURE WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject WATER USAGE
dc.subject LARGE CITIES
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject EFFLUENT
dc.subject BULK WATER
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL USE
dc.subject FARMERS
dc.subject CROP PRODUCTION
dc.subject QUALITY OF WATER
dc.subject WATER SOURCE
dc.subject MANGANESE
dc.subject FLOOD CONTROL
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE WATER
dc.subject WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject BENEFITS OF GROUNDWATER USE
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject COLLECTION OF WATER
dc.subject WATER RESOURCE
dc.subject USE OF WATER
dc.subject DAMS
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES PLANNING
dc.subject PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject PRESSURE
dc.subject HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject DISCHARGE
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
dc.subject WATER SYSTEMS
dc.subject URBAN WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
dc.subject RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS
dc.subject SCARCITY OF WATER
dc.subject RIVER BASINS
dc.subject LAKES
dc.subject QUALITY OF SERVICE
dc.subject AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION
dc.subject WATER BUDGETS
dc.subject SEEPAGE
dc.title Mexico : Water Public Expenditure Review en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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