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Panama Poverty Assessment : Translating Growth into Opportunities and Poverty Reduction

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-12T20:12:42Z
dc.date.available 2013-03-12T20:12:42Z
dc.date.issued 2011-06-30
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12671
dc.description.abstract Panama is one of the richest and fastest growing economies in Latin America; however it is considered a country of stark contrasts and, for some of its citizens, abysmal poverty. Large disparities in extreme poverty, poverty, and in other measures of human development exist among its citizens. This chapter examines the trends in economic growth, inequality and poverty in Panama between 1997 and 2008 at both the national level and by region, ethnicity and gender. It presents characterization of the patterns of consumption growth across the consumption distribution (including whether the growth is 'pro-poor'). Next, it examines the role of internal migration flows in explaining shifts in poverty and extreme poverty between rural and urban areas. Lastly, the chapter begins to analyze the inequality of access to basic opportunities among children using the Human Opportunity Index (HOI). The Human Opportunity Index (HOI) is an operational measure of opportunities that takes into account both coverage and the distribution of access to basic goods and services by children, who cannot be held accountable for pre-determined circumstances at birth such as their race, gender, family income, parents' education level, or place of residence. The study is based on nationally-representative Living Standards Measurement Surveys (LSMS), which were conducted in 1997, 2003 and 2008. The LSMS household questionnaire includes quantitative data on various aspects of living conditions, including household structure, housing, infrastructure, health, nutrition, education and training, economic activity (labor), migration, spending and consumption, income, savings, credit, independent business activities, and agriculture. Since the latest available information is for 2008, the poverty numbers presented here reflect the Panamanian situation after the end of the period of high growth but before the impact of the 2008-09 global financial crises. With this latest dataset, there are now three comparable household surveys that allow for the study of the evolution of poverty in Panama between 1997, 2003, and 2008. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject CHANGES IN POVERTY
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject RURAL MIGRATION
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject JOB TRAINING
dc.subject PRO-POOR
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY LINE
dc.subject COLLEGE EDUCATION
dc.subject POVERTY LINES
dc.subject CITIZENS
dc.subject MODEL SPECIFICATIONS
dc.subject RELATIVE IMPORTANCE
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject URBAN DWELLERS
dc.subject SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject POVERTY GAP
dc.subject QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject EQUITABLE ACCESS
dc.subject POVERTY RATES
dc.subject MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject NATIONAL POPULATION
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject HIGH GROWTH
dc.subject DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject DIET
dc.subject SCHOOLING
dc.subject LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject INFANT
dc.subject REGIONAL CONTEXT
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
dc.subject SOCIAL SPENDING
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject HOUSING
dc.subject ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject TEENAGE PREGNANCY
dc.subject FERTILITY
dc.subject GROWTH PERFORMANCE
dc.subject SMALL ENTERPRISES
dc.subject MALNUTRITION
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject REGIONAL AVERAGE
dc.subject CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING
dc.subject NATIONAL POVERTY
dc.subject POVERTY RATE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject RURAL PUBLIC
dc.subject CONSUMPTION MEASURE
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAMS
dc.subject REGIONAL AVERAGES
dc.subject VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject CONSUMPTION AGGREGATE
dc.subject DIRECT TRANSFERS
dc.subject EXTREME POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject TEEN
dc.subject HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject PRICE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject PER CAPITA GROWTH
dc.subject POVERTY ESTIMATES
dc.subject DESTITUTE FAMILIES
dc.subject SERVICES FOR CHILDREN
dc.subject UNFPA
dc.subject POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject PREGNANCIES
dc.subject PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject FOOD PRICES
dc.subject INSURANCE
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject PATTERNS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject PRENATAL CARE
dc.subject FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject PLACES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject POOR WOMEN
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject WELFARE MEASURE
dc.subject TEENS
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
dc.subject SAVINGS
dc.subject MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject TARGETING
dc.subject UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
dc.subject MIGRANT
dc.subject SCARCE RESOURCES
dc.subject SECTORAL POLICIES
dc.subject EDUCATION OF PARENTS
dc.subject HIGH POVERTY
dc.subject CARIBBEAN REGION
dc.subject POOR
dc.subject POVERTY REDUCTION POLICIES
dc.subject POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject SEGMENTS OF SOCIETY
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject CLEAN WATER
dc.subject RURAL
dc.subject INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
dc.subject LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject TEENAGERS
dc.subject NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
dc.subject ACCESS TO SCHOOLS
dc.subject LEVELS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject FOOD POVERTY LINE
dc.subject URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject POVERTY MAPS
dc.subject SUBSISTENCE
dc.subject POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject FOOD BASKET
dc.subject RATE OF GROWTH
dc.subject PLACE OF RESIDENCE
dc.subject LONG RUN
dc.subject REDUCING INEQUALITY
dc.subject PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject HEADCOUNT POVERTY
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject URBAN POOR
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject RURAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject POLICY INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject FOOD POVERTY
dc.subject LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject GROWTH ELASTICITY
dc.subject HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject ANNUAL GROWTH
dc.subject UNIVERSAL ACCESS
dc.subject REPEATERS
dc.subject RURAL PHENOMENON
dc.subject RURAL ORIGIN
dc.subject RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject ACCESS TO SANITATION
dc.subject RURAL POOR
dc.subject CONSUMER PRICES
dc.subject EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject INFECTIOUS DISEASES
dc.subject MEANS TESTING
dc.subject MEASLES
dc.subject HEADCOUNT RATIO
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SECTORS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFERS
dc.subject SECONDARY DEGREE
dc.subject INCOME DATA
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject MONEY TRANSFERS
dc.subject LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subject POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject DISTRIBUTION OF ACCESS
dc.subject PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE
dc.subject HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CONSUMPTION GROWTH
dc.subject SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
dc.subject BENEFICIARY FAMILIES
dc.title Panama Poverty Assessment : Translating Growth into Opportunities and Poverty Reduction en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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