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Panama : Country Environmental Analysis

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dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-11T20:28:11Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-11T20:28:11Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-23
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12303
dc.description.abstract Panama is experiencing spectacular economic growth, averaging 7.5 percent during 2004-06; a construction boom; and emerging new opportunities and growing export markets. Despite this impressive growth performance, at the national level poverty remained almost unchanged during 1997-2006 at around 37 percent (masking a decline in rural poverty and an increase in urban and indigenous areas). Key development challenges for Panama include: (a) sustaining its accelerated recent growth performance, and (b) translating growth into poverty reduction. Natural resources and the environment must be key elements of any successful strategy to meet these challenges. The main objective of the Panama Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to provide an analytical foundation to enhance the country's capacity to establish and address environmental policy priorities linked to poverty reduction and sustained economic growth. This report covers three main areas. First, the report analyzes the capabilities of Panama's institutions to perform essential tasks to manage the environment and natural resources; namely identifying problems and designing and implementing policies to solve them. The analysis therefore places great emphasis on the clarity of policies; mechanisms for coordination; use of and access to information, participation, and consultation; and, mechanisms to promote compliance with legislation. The premise of the institutional approach is that only strong institutions are able to offer efficient, equitable, and durable solutions to the increasingly complex problems faced by modern societies. Second, the report identifies environmental and natural resource management issues of key sectors, such as mining and tourism, to provide information on strategic synergies and tradeoffs involving the environment, economic growth, and poverty. Finally, the report offers new quantitative estimates in the fields of environmental health and climate change that will help the Government of Panama establish policy priorities. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject LOGGING
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject MORBIDITY
dc.subject MANDATES
dc.subject STRATEGIC PRIORITY
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
dc.subject LAND TENURE
dc.subject NATIONAL PRIORITIES
dc.subject NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject CITIZENS
dc.subject RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject DEBT
dc.subject GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject ILLNESS
dc.subject AUDITS
dc.subject CANCER
dc.subject CITIZEN
dc.subject POLLUTION CONTROL
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject WASTE
dc.subject URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject USE OF RESOURCES
dc.subject OIL REFINERIES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING
dc.subject HEALTH EFFECTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
dc.subject EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject DISEASES
dc.subject RESOURCE CONSERVATION
dc.subject DECISION MAKING
dc.subject LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL USE
dc.subject CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE USE
dc.subject EXPLOITATION
dc.subject ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject CHILD SURVIVAL
dc.subject CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject PROGRESS
dc.subject SERVICE QUALITY
dc.subject NATIONAL STRATEGY
dc.subject SANITATION
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject RESOURCE USE
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
dc.subject HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject ILLNESSES
dc.subject LOCAL ECONOMY
dc.subject NATURAL GAS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject QUANTITATIVE GOALS
dc.subject URBAN AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject TECHNICAL CAPACITY
dc.subject HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject SOCIAL IMPACT
dc.subject LAND USE
dc.subject EMISSION STANDARDS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject INDOOR AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject SEA LEVEL
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject OIL EQUIVALENT
dc.subject CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject FORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject WETLANDS
dc.subject RESPECT
dc.subject TRADEOFFS
dc.subject NATIONAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject AIR QUALITY
dc.subject SAFE WATER
dc.subject POLICY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
dc.subject OZONE
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject INTERVENTION
dc.subject NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT CREATION
dc.subject MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
dc.subject HUMAN HEALTH
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject LAWS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT CAPACITY
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject ARABLE LAND
dc.subject SOCIAL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACTIVITIES
dc.subject GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject URBAN SPRAWL
dc.subject CARBON
dc.subject METALS
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
dc.subject BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
dc.subject CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES
dc.subject MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject EXPENDITURES
dc.subject FISHING
dc.subject WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject SECTORAL POLICIES
dc.subject SCARCE RESOURCES
dc.subject MALARIA
dc.subject SECTORAL PRIORITIES
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject COAL
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject SOIL EROSION
dc.subject SOCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject SOCIAL SECTORS
dc.subject SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
dc.subject NATIONAL PLANS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject RATE OF GROWTH
dc.subject RAINFOREST
dc.subject RENEWABLE RESOURCES
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject URBANIZATION
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS
dc.subject HIGH CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject AGGRESSIVE
dc.subject OIL
dc.subject RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject SOCIAL ISSUES
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject LOCAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject NATIONAL COUNCIL
dc.subject WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject WAGES
dc.subject ENDANGERED SPECIES
dc.subject LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject LIMITED RESOURCES
dc.subject HEALTH IMPACT
dc.subject HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject FORESTRY
dc.subject INFORMATION SYSTEM
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject IMPORTANT POLICY
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject HEALTHY LIFE
dc.subject DEVELOPMENT PLANS
dc.subject POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject DEFORESTATION
dc.subject NATURAL CAPITAL
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject ECOLOGICAL BALANCE
dc.subject HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITY
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject INDIGENOUS GROUPS
dc.subject SET OF RECOMMENDATIONS
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject INFORMATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject LOCAL POPULATION
dc.subject ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject RURAL AREAS
dc.subject ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject COST-BENEFIT ANALYSES
dc.subject MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject GOVERNMENT RESPONSE
dc.subject DISABILITY
dc.subject HYGIENE
dc.subject EFFECTIVE USE
dc.subject NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject BASIC LEGISLATION
dc.title Panama : Country Environmental Analysis en
dc.rights.holder World Bank


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